Effects of Modified Arm Swing Exercise Program on Capillary Plasma Glucose and Body Composition in People with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes

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Sangthong Terathongkum, RN, PhD
Ratchanok Phonyiam, RN, MNS
Jiraporn Lininger, RN, PhD


OBJECTIVES: A quasi-experimental research aimed at examining effects of Modified Arm Swing Exercise (MASE) Program on capillary plasma glucose (CPG) and body composition in people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2DM). MATERIAL AND

METHODS: Twenty-four people with uncontrolled T2DM from a Ban Phai Rong Wua Sub-district Health Promoting Hospital, Suphanburi province, Thailand who met the inclusion criteria were selected into the study and received the MASE Program for 12-week. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and measurements of CPG, body mass index (BMI), visceral fat and skeletal muscle at baseline, 8th, and 12th week after MASE program, analyzed by descriptive statistics and repeated measure ANOVA.

RESULT: After the MASE Program, mean CPG, BMI and visceral fat tended to be decrease, and skeletal muscle was likely to have increased; however, all variables were not statistically significant different at the least interval (F (2, 46) = 1.80, p > 0.05; F (2, 46) = 0.31, p > 0.05; F (2, 46) = 0.32, p > 0.05; F (2, 46) = 3.12, p > 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSION: The MASE Program should be recommended to people with uncontrolled T2DM for more than12 weeks for better outcomes.


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Terathongkum S, Phonyiam R, Lininger J. Effects of Modified Arm Swing Exercise Program on Capillary Plasma Glucose and Body Composition in People with Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes. BKK Med J [Internet]. 2019 Sep. 20 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];15(2):193. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bkkmedj/article/view/222850
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