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OBJECTIVES: High sodium intake has been associated with a limited knowledge of sodium and inappropriate food consumption behaviors. This study aimed to examine effects of a program promoting sodium intake reduction on knowledge of sodium consumption, sodium consumption behaviors, and urinary sodium in nursing students.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental design with one-group self-control was used. The participants were 173 Thai nursing students of three higher education institutions, who participated in a 4-week program promoting sodium intake reduction that employed four strategies for behavioral modification. Data were analysed using One-way ANOVA with repeated measures, multiple comparison, and Paired t-test.
RESULT: After the program, knowledge was significantly higher while urinary sodium was lower than before the program and baseline. Sodium consumption behaviors were lower after the program than baseline.
CONCLUSION: It is suggested that health teams apply this program to promote sodium intake reduction in nursing students and extend to other populations.
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