Main Article Content
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate silicosis health literacy among silica exposed workers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a 10-item of silicosis health literacy questionnaire in 2018. We designed the test to assess the health literacy needed for silica exposed workers. All silica exposed workers who worked in 9 factories in Lampang province were enrolled during October 2018 - January 2019.
RESULTS: A total of 435 silica exposed workers from 9 factories was included in this study. The workers were aged 20 - 70 years, and the mean age was 40.11 ± 9.10 years. 54% were female, while 43.2% worked for over ten years. The silicosis health literacy level improved significantly after intervention in all age groups except for those in the age group ranging 60-69 years. There was no statistical difference in the levels of silicosis health literacy between males and females.
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that silica exposed workers improved their silicosis health literacy level significantly after intervention. The silicosis health literacy may prevent workers at risk from silicosis in Thailand in the near future.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Silicosis mortality, prevention, and control-United States, 1968-2002. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 200529;54(16):401-5.
3. Department of Labor (US). Occupational Safety and Health Administration. OSHA 3176[Internet]. 2002 [cited 2021 Jun 17]. Available from: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3176.html
4. Álvarez RF, González CM, Martínez AQ, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and monitoring of silicosis. Arch Bronconeumol 2015;51(2):86-93.
5. Nutbeam D. Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health promotion international 2000;15(3):259-67.
6. Yadav SP, Anand PK, Singh H. Awareness and Practices about Silicosis among the Sandstone Quarry Workers in Desert Ecology of Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. J Hum Ecol 2011;33(3):191-96.
7. Nandi S, Burnase N, Barapatre A, et al. Assessment of Scoliosis Awareness among Stone Mine Workers of Rajasthan State. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2018;22(2)97-100.