Predicting Factors of Spiritual Well-Being among Thai Patients with Non-communicable Diseases

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Yuttachai Chaiyasit
Khwanprapat Chanbunlawat
Saowanee Soboon
Patcharaporn Wongarsa
Prasert Piboonrungroj

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the spiritual well-being (SWB) and predicting the factors of SWB among Thai patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs).


MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was 155 patients with NCDs in Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand. Multistage cluster random sampling was used for the sample selection. The study was conducted from May 1, 2021 to July 31, 2021. Research instruments consisted of a personal characteristics questionnaire, a personal faith questionnaire, a spiritual contentment questionnaire, a religious practice questionnaire, a social support questionnaire, a perceived severity of illness questionnaire, a meaning of life questionnaire, and SWB questionnaire. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and factors predicting SWB taken together as a Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) was used.


RESULTS: The total score of SWB was at a high level (3.93 ± 0.44). Factors related to SWB were personal faith (r = 0.35; p < 0.01), spiritual contentment (r = 0.33; p < 0.01) religious practice (r = 0.37; p < 0.01), social support (r = 0.42; p < 0.01), and meaning of life (r = 0.35; p < 0.01). Predicting the factors of SWB comprised social support (β = .345; p = 0.00) and religious practice (β = .282; p = 0.00). These predictors accounted for 24.8% of the variance in SWB. CONCLUSION: Factors related to SWB were personal faith, spiritual contentment, religious practice, social support, and meaning of life. Therefore, assessing and providing spiritual care related to these factors is important in promoting SWB among patients with NCDs.

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1.
Chaiyasit Y, Chanbunlawat K, Soboon S, Wongarsa P, Piboonrungroj P. Predicting Factors of Spiritual Well-Being among Thai Patients with Non-communicable Diseases. BKK Med J [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 4];18(2):76. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bkkmedj/article/view/256697
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