A Survey of Stress and Impacts in Registered Nurses During the COVID -19 Pandemic

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Rungarun Gaesawahong
Nopawann Peasui
Orawan Warapapong
Thitaree Yongprawat
Nuntawan Dawudom


OBJECTIVES: To describe the stress in RNs during COVID-19 pandemic and the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic among RNs, and to gather needs and feedback from RNs during COVID-19 pandemic.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was 1,073 RNs who provided services to patients with COVID-19. Data were collected through QR Code with the COVID Stress Scales (CSS) and open-ended questions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

RESULTS: The RNs had overall stress at moderate level (2.42 ± 0.63). Analysis of subscale revealed that Danger was the highest stress (2.92 ± 0.75), following by COVID Contamination (2.74 ± 0.75), Xenophobia (2.56 ± 0.90), Compulsive checking and Traumatic stress (2.34 ± 0.71), and SocialEconomic Consequence (2.12 ± 0.89). The four impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic were: 1) Work-life imbalance due to increased workload 2) Fear of infection and transmission 3) Inadequate organization support including supply of personal protective equipment and quality vaccines, information support, and unfair compensation in some hospitals, and 4) Ecological changes in both positive and negative directions.

CONCLUSION: Nurse leaders could provide adequate support for necessary equipment and information to the RNs so that they reduce danger-related stress. Compensation should be considered as appropriate for them.


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Gaesawahong R, Peasui N, Warapapong O, Yongprawat T, Dawudom N. A Survey of Stress and Impacts in Registered Nurses During the COVID -19 Pandemic: . BKK Med J [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2023 Dec. 11];18(2):106. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bkkmedj/article/view/258715
Original Article
Author Biography

Rungarun Gaesawahong, Nursing Division, Ramathibodi Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.



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