Main Article Content
Purpose: To synthesize the evidence as it pertains to hypertension in men.
Design: An integrative literature review was conducted. This review included both qualitative and quantitative studies that focused on hypertension in men. A search for relevant literature published from 2007 to 2017 was undertaken using PubMed, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, and EBSCO databases and by examining relevant bibliographies. Seven studies (n = 7) formed the basis of this review. Findings from the identified research literature were analyzed and described using conventional content analysis.
Main findings: Five main categories emerged from the content analysis: 1) understanding symptoms of hypertension; 2) knowledge regarding consequences of hypertension; 3) adherence to a healthy lifestyle and medical treatment; 4) self-management; and 5) interventions that were designed to improve blood pressure control.
Conclusion and recommendations: Experiencing symptoms and viewing themselves as being at risk seem to be essential for male hypertensive patients to seek health care. Future research should explore and explain clearly how male hypertensive patients develop a sense of risk, what factors can contribute to a sense of risk and how the sense of risk motivates male hypertensive patients to change behavior.
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