Development of Foot Care Model among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Community A Case Study of Sunpuloei Community

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Chayaphon Siriniyomchai
Nantanit Boonnak
Sriphan Sriwongwant
Pichaya Wannachai


              Diabetic foot ulcers are major complication leading to foot amputation in patients with diabetes mellitus. Such complication adversely affects the patients both physically and mentally resulting in reduced quality of life and increased family care burden. Diabetes foot care in community is important to prevent ulcers and reduce complications in diabetic foot ulcers that lead to amputation. This paper aimed to share lesson learned from the development of foot care model among patients with diabetes mellitus in Sunpuloei community, Chiang Mai Province. Using research and development process, the project was composed of 2 phases. The first phase consisted of a situational analysis, a development of model, and a tryout of the foot care model. The second phase was to investigate the effect of the foot care model on diabetes patients’ foot care behavior. The result revealed that the experimental group significantly showed better foot care behaviors than did the control group. The foot care model developed for patients with diabetes mellitus at Sunpuloei community was effective and should be encouraged for use in other communities. The process of model development implemented could also be an exemplar for other communities to learn and follow.  


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Siriniyomchai, C., Boonnak, N., Sriwongwant, S., & Wannachai, P. (2019). Development of Foot Care Model among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Community: A Case Study of Sunpuloei Community. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 37(2), 13–25. Retrieved from
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