Beliefs and Attitudes toward Smoking Cessation among Vocational Students with Nicotine Addiction and Non-Addiction

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Ratchadaporn Ungcharoen
Acharaporn Seeherunwong
Ronnachai Kongsakon
Dusit Sujirarat

Abstract

Purposes: This study aimed to compare the difference of smoking cessation beliefs and evaluation of consequence of smoking cessation and to examine relationship between beliefs and attitudes toward smoking cessation during the next six months among vocational students with nicotine addiction and non-addiction.
Designs: Descriptive correlational study.
Methods: Subjects were 632 students who were smokers and studied in vocational schools (1st - 3rd year) located in Bangkok, aged 15-24 years. A three-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to identify the subjects. Subjects were given a set of questionnaires, which screened for nicotine addiction (CAGE questionnaire), attitudes toward smoking cessation, beliefs regarding the consequences arising from smoking cessation and evaluation of consequence of smoking cessation during the next six months. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data.
Main findings: The findings showed that the students with nicotine non-addiction believed that quitting smoking helped them to have better health and body image than those with nicotine addiction. In contrast, the students with nicotine addiction believed that quitting smoking made them got more discomfort and irritate mood than the others. The correlation between attitudes and beliefs toward smoking cessation was positive (r = .42, p < .01). The correlation coefficients in students with nicotine non-addiction were higher than those in students with nicotine addiction (r = .48, p < .01; r = .30, p < .01).
Conclusion and recommendations: The specific beliefs toward smoking cessation of the students with nicotine addiction and non-addiction should be used to modify attitudes toward smoking cessation in vocational students. For smokers with nicotine non-addiction, issues on health and body image should be addressed while for smokers with nicotine addiction, issues on dealing with discomfort and symptoms from
nicotine intoxication should be emphasized.

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How to Cite
Ungcharoen, R., Seeherunwong, A. ., Kongsakon, R. ., & Sujirarat, D. . (2020). Beliefs and Attitudes toward Smoking Cessation among Vocational Students with Nicotine Addiction and Non-Addiction. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 32(4), 52–62. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/240119
Section
Research Papers

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