Main Article Content
Purpose: To study the predictive power of body mass index, knowledge of osteoporosis, pain and location of the fracture on the physical function in patients with osteoporotic fracture patients.
Design: Predictive correlational research design.
Methods: The sample group consisted of 103 patients with osteoporotic fracture receiving follow-up for 6-18 months at the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Data were collected using Personal Information Questionnaire, Body Mass Index Record Form, the Facts on Osteoporosis Quiz (FOOQ), Numerical Pain Scores, and Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire-Physical Function (OPAQ-PF). The predictive power was analyzed using a simultaneous multiple regression analysis.
Main findings: The patients were mostly females 80.6% with an age average of 73.99 years (SD = 9.28). The average score of physical function was 62.98 (SD = 27.45), body mass index 22.82 kg/m2 (SD = 3.74), knowledge of osteoporosis 10.05 (SD = 3.88), pain 2.5 (SD = 2.57). The location of fracture were found at spine 55.3% and hip 44.7%. The analysis revealed that body mass index, pain, knowledge of osteoporosis, and location of fracture could together account for 18.5% of the variance explained in the physical function in patients with osteoporotic fracture. The factor having most predictive power was pain, followed by knowledge of osteoporosis and location of fracture, respectively, whereas the body mass index could not predict the physical function in osteoporotic fractures patients.
Conclusion and recommendations: The results of the study revealed that pain and knowledge of osteoporosis is important for physical function in patients with osteoporosis fractures. Therefore, the patients should well receive pain management and knowledge about osteoporosis to help them in recuperation for effective physical function.
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