Factors Influencing Behaviors in Preventing COVID-19 of Teachers and Caregivers in Child Care Centers

Main Article Content

Pattaranuch Witoonsakul
Chayapa Chaisuwan
Somsiri Rungamornrat

Abstract

          Purpose: To examine the predictive power of self-efficacy, health literacy, and support from the provincial administrative organizations on behaviors of teachers or caregivers in preventing infection and transmission of COVID-19 in child care centers.


        Design: Correlational predictive design.


        Methods: The sample comprised of 100 teachers or caregivers in child care centers. This study was done with a convenience sampling who met the inclusion criteria. The instruments for data collection included a demographic questionnaire, a self-efficacy questionnaire, a health literacy questionnaire, a questionnaire on perceived support from provincial administrative organizations, and a COVID-19 preventive behaviors questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression.


        Main findings: Perceived self-efficacy and support from the provincial administrative organizations could be jointly predicted teachers’ or caregivers’ behaviors in preventing infection and transmission of COVID-19 in child care centers 33% (R2 = .33, F = 23.33, p < .001). The factors that significantly predicted teachers’ or caregivers’ behaviors in preventing infection and transmission of COVID-19 in child care centers were perceived self-efficacy (β = .46, p < .001) and support from the provincial administrative organizations (β = .21, p = .020).


        Conclusion and recommendations: Perceived self-efficacy and support from the provincial administrative organizations are key predictors of behaviors in preventing infection and transmission of COVID-19. The healthcare team will be able to use the research findings to guide the development of programs that promote preventive behaviors of COVID-19 infection and transmission for teachers or caregivers in child care centers by enhancing perceived self-efficacy and support from the provincial administrative organizations.

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How to Cite
Witoonsakul, P., Chaisuwan, C., & Rungamornrat, S. (2021). Factors Influencing Behaviors in Preventing COVID-19 of Teachers and Caregivers in Child Care Centers. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 39(4), 41–54. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/250609
Section
Research Papers

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