Main Article Content
Purpose: To examine the predictability of maternal age, maternal education, family income, maternal knowledge, and social support on mothers’ self-efficacy in providing home care for children with pneumonia.
Design: A predictive correlational study.
Methods: A convenience sampling was used to recruit 124 mothers of children under five years old with pneumonia from two Children Hospitals in Yangon, Myanmar. Data were collected using 1) Socio-Demographic Questionnaire, 2) Mothers’ Knowledge Questionnaire, 3) the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, and 4) the Perceived Self-efficacy of Caregivers in Caring for Children with Pneumonia at Home Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression were used for data analysis.
Main findings: The study results showed that all factors could account for 72.9% of the variance explained in the mothers’ self-efficacy for home care (R2 = .73). The three predictive factors of mothers’ self-efficacy were maternal education ( = .64, p < .001), maternal age ( = .25, p < .001), and maternal knowledge ( = .13, p = .034).
Conclusion and recommendations: The mothers’ self-efficacy in providing home care for children with pneumonia could be predicted by maternal age, maternal education, and maternal knowledge. Therefore, health care professionals should pay more attention to younger and low educated mothers, and provide knowledge about pneumonia and caring for children with pneumonia for promoting mothers’ self-efficacy in providing home care to enhance the quality of care for the children with pneumonia.
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