Effects of the Oral Health Promotion Program Using Sufficiency Economy Philosophy as a Framework on Knowledge, Attitude, and Skills towards Oral Health in Thai Novices

Main Article Content

Natma Thongteratham
Wallada Chanruangvanich
Suchada Pattramongkolrit
Yoothapichai Phosri
Orapan Tosingha
Thimaporn Suetrong
Jutharath Chanruangvanich

Abstract

Purpose: To study the effects of the oral health promotion program using sufficiency economy philosophy as a framework for Thai novices' knowledge, attitude, and skills towards oral health.


Design: A quasi-experimental study using a one-group pre-and post-test design.


Methods: Participants of 104 Thai novices were selected from a rural Buddhist School. Data collection was at baseline, immediately, and one month after program implementing. The research instruments consisted of the personal record form, knowledge about oral health scale, attitude towards oral health scale, and skill towards oral health scale. Paired t-test was used to compare pre-and post-test scores.


Main findings: When compared average scores between baseline and after the program immediately, knowledge toward oral health in Thai novices were significantly decreased (t = 32.03, p < .001) while attitude and skills were significantly increased (t = -96.92, p < .001; and t = -2.64, p = .010, respectively). When compared average scores between baseline and one-month after the program, knowledge and attitudes became increased (t = -56.37, p < .001; and t = -121.42, p < .001, respectively) while skills decreased (t = 2.55, p = .013).


Conclusion and recommendations: The program using sufficiency economy philosophy as a framework could partly support its effectiveness by being able to improve knowledge and attitude, except skills, towards oral health in Thai novices at one-month after the program. The findings suggest that the program needs some revision by increasing the program duration and more attractive activities, as well as having buddy system, for example. Effects of the oral health promotion program using sufficiency economy philosophy as a framework in other specific vulnerable groups such as out-of-school children, layperson, immigrants, or aging people should be further studied.

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How to Cite
Thongteratham, N., Chanruangvanich, W. ., Pattramongkolrit, S. ., Phosri, Y. ., Tosingha, O. ., Suetrong, T. ., & Chanruangvanich, J. . (2022). Effects of the Oral Health Promotion Program Using Sufficiency Economy Philosophy as a Framework on Knowledge, Attitude, and Skills towards Oral Health in Thai Novices. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 40(2), 87–107. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/251178
Section
Research Papers

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