Main Article Content
Purpose: To study factors associated with phosphate binder adherence among patients undergoing hemodialysis in China.
Design: Correlational predictive study.
Methods: A total of 158 participants receiving hemodialysis at two hemodialysis centers under a university in China were recruited via convenience sampling. Data were collected using Chinese version of modified Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), modified Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ), modified Health Care Climate (HCC) Scale, and Phosphate Binder Knowledge Test (PBKT). Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test, and binary logistic regression were applied for statistical analysis.
Main findings: Results indicated that 54.4% of the participants did not adhere to phosphate binders. In binary logistic regression, participants with higher knowledge about phosphate binder (OR = 10.73, 95%CI = 3.84, 29.97), higher beliefs about necessity of phosphate binder (OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.39), and lower concerns about phosphate binder (OR = .88, 95%CI = .79, .98) had better phosphate binder adherence.
Conclusion and recommendations: Phosphate binder adherence was poor in patients undergoing hemodialysis in China. Knowledge and beliefs about phosphate binders are crucial in improving patients’ phosphate binder adherence. Health care providers should provide efficient interventions enhancing knowledge and positive beliefs about phosphate binders in hemodialysis patients.
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