The Effects of Perceived Personal Risk for Developing Cardiovascular Diseases Enhancement Program among Older Adults with Hypertension

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Junjira Seesawang
Pulawit Thongtaeng
Sirirat Vichittragoonthavon
Sujitra Chaiwuth

Abstract

Purpose: To study the effects of a perceived personal risk for developing cardiovascular diseases enhancement program among older adults with hypertension.


Design: Quasi-experimental research design.


Methods: Seventy older adults with hypertension were divided into the experimental and control groups with 35 each who received service at the health promoting hospital. The experimental group received perceived personal risk for developing cardiovascular diseases enhancement program for 12 weeks which comprised cardiovascular risk assessment, hypertension-related complications education, risk management education, and motivation interviewing during the home and telephone visits. Data regarding blood pressure, perceived risks of cardiovascular diseases, and preventive behavior for cardiovascular diseases were collected before and after the program. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test.


Main findings: The results revealed that the experimental group had significantly higher scores of perceived risks for developing cardiovascular diseases and preventive behavior for cardiovascular disease at post program than that at pre-program (p < .001) and that in the control group (p < .001). The experimental group had significantly lower blood pressure at post program than that at pre-program (p < .001) and that in the control group (p < .05).


Conclusion and recommendations: An appropriate perceived personal risk for developing cardiovascular diseases helps hypertensive older adults to manage their risk and perform preventive behavior. Thus, the nurses could play an important role in giving information and promoting an appropriate perception of personal risk among hypertensive older adults.

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How to Cite
Seesawang, J., Thongtaeng, P., Vichittragoonthavon, S., & Chaiwuth, S. (2022). The Effects of Perceived Personal Risk for Developing Cardiovascular Diseases Enhancement Program among Older Adults with Hypertension. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 40(3), 42–59. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/252233
Section
Research Papers

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