A Factor Analysis of Non-technical Skills of Perioperative Nurses for Patient Safety in University Hospitals, Thailand

Main Article Content

Raya Chaowanawong
Pramot Thongsuk
Pratyanan Thiangchanya


Purpose: This research aimed to analyze the factors of non-technical skills of perioperative nurses needed for patient safety.

Design: Descriptive Design.

Methods: The sample comprised 450 perioperative nurses, selected by a simple random sampling technique from 5 university hospitals in Thailand. Data were collected using the non-technical skills of perioperative nurses for patient safety questionnaire which was originally developed using the Delphi technique. Certain items were modified and the content validity was approved by 5 experts yielding an I-CVI of .80-1. The internal consistency was tested yielding a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.96. The data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis and varimax orthogonal rotation.

Main findings: The research found that non-technical skills of perioperative nurses needed for patient safety had 8 principal components with a total variance explained of 62.5%. The first three components with the highest variance were namely leadership (14%), teamwork (10.1%), and planning and safety communication (10.1%).

Conclusion and recommendations: Technical skills and non-technical skills are important for professional nurses to deliver quality and safe nursing services. The results of this research can be used for further development of an assessment tool and a guidance for non-technical skills of perioperative nurses for patient safety outcomes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chaowanawong, R., Thongsuk, P., & Thiangchanya, P. (2023). A Factor Analysis of Non-technical Skills of Perioperative Nurses for Patient Safety in University Hospitals, Thailand. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 41(4), 86–100. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/262472
Research Papers


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