Factors Predicting Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers

Main Article Content

Kinnaree Chaisawan
Yaowalak Serisathein
Chaweewan Yusamran

Abstract

Purpose: This study was to determine the predictive power of age, perception of maternalcompetency, child care stress, and social support on postpartum depression in adolescent mothers.

Design: Correlational predictive design.

Methods: The participants consisted of 84 adolescent mothers who came to postpartum clinics orwell baby clinics for the vaccinations during the postpartum period of 6-8 weeks in hospitals affiliated tothe Ministry of Defense. Data were collected by using five questionnaires comprising of theDemographic Data Questionnaire, Parenting Sense of Competence Scale, Child Care StressQuestionnaire, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Center forEpidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Multiple regression was used for data analysis. According to aninitial analysis, 5 cases with outliers found in child care stress score were deleted. Thus, the total numberof subjects included in the data analysis was 79.

Main findings: The study results indicated that 41.67% of the adolescent mothers had postpartumdepression. Age, perception of maternal competency, child care stress, and social support could explain50% of the variance of postpartum depression in adolescent mothers (R2 = .50, p < .001). The factorsthat significantly predicted postpartum depression in adolescent mothers were perception of maternalcompetency ( β = - .39, t (78) = -4.45, p < .001) and child care stress ( β = .41, t (78) = 4.29, p < .001),while age and social support did not.

Conclusion and recommendations: The research findings indicate perception of maternalcompetency and child care stress as factors influencing postpartum depression in adolescent mothers.Therefore, nurses should assess maternal competency and child care stress in adolescent mothers. Whenrisks to postpartum depression are found, proper care should be given to prevent the depression.

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How to Cite
Chaisawan, K., Serisathein, Y., & Yusamran, C. (2011). Factors Predicting Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 29(4), 61–69. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/2851
Section
Research Papers

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