The Parental Bonding Instrument (Thai Version): Psychometric Testing for Use in Adolescents with Depressed Mothers

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Nopporn Vongsirimas
Yajai Sitthimongkol
Nonglak Wiratchai
Linda Beeber
Sopin Sangorn


Purpose: To test for reliability and construct validity of theParental Bonding Instrument (PBI) – Thai version for use inadolescents with depressed mothers.

Design: Methodological research.

Methods: Data from a previous study of 460 adolescents withdepressed mothers were used to assess construct validity byconducting a confirmatory factor analysis through LISREL,and reliability by calculating Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.

Main findings: The analysis yielded satisfactory results ofchi-square = 302.30, df = 266, p-value = 0.062, RMSEA= 0.017, GFI = 0.96, AGFI = 0.93 The results support that thePBI consists of two components: caring and overprotection.Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.88 for caring and 0.80 foroverprotection components.

Conclusion and recommendations: Findings indicate thatthe PBI is a reliable measure for use in Thai adolescents withdepressed mothers. This instrument will be of great benefitfor use as an assessment tool for both research and clinicalpurposes.


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Vongsirimas, N., Sitthimongkol, Y., Wiratchai, N., Beeber, L., & Sangorn, S. (2011). The Parental Bonding Instrument (Thai Version): Psychometric Testing for Use in Adolescents with Depressed Mothers. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 29(3), 19–28. Retrieved from
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