Effects of Episioguide – a 60° mediolateral episiotomy guide device – on post suture episiotomy angle: a randomized controlled trial

Main Article Content

Chatsaran Thanapongpibul
Maysita Suksamarnwong

Abstract

Objective: To compare the post-suture episiotomy angles between women who had or did not have their incisions made using the Episioguide, a 60° mediolateral episiotomy (MLE) guide device.


Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. Eligible women were randomized into two groups, the first including women who had a MLE using the Episioguide and the second with women who had a conventional MLE. The primary outcome was a comparison of the rates of post-suture episiotomy angles in the safe zone (30°-60°) between the groups.


Results: 112 eligible pregnant women were recruited, of whom 88 underwent randomization, 44 each in the Episioguide and conventional MLE groups. The procedures using the Episioguide had a significantly higher rate of achieved post-suture episiotomy angles in the desired 30°-60° range (RR = 1.526, 95% CI = 1.023-2.277, p-value = 0.032), and there was a statistically significant difference in mean post suture angles between the two groups, 34.636° ± 9.445° in the Episioguide group and 27.614° ± 9.267° in the standard procedure group (mean difference = 7.022, 95% CI = 3.057-10.988, p-value = 0.001).


Conclusion: Using the Episioguide to perform a MLE achieved a significantly higher rate of post-suture episiotomy angles in the safe zone compared with conventional MLE.

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Article Details

Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Maysita Suksamarnwong, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University

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