Oral health knowledge, attitude and practices in parents of preschool child in Warinchamrab Municipality, Ubon Ratchathani Province
Keywords:dental caries, oral health care, parents
Dental health is a major problem in many countries. In order to better understand the dental health of preschool children in municipality areas, this study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents in the oral health care of preschool children in the Warinchamrab municipality of Ubonratchathani Provinces. It also investigated the relationship between personal characteristics, knowledge, attitude and parental behavior in the oral health of preschool children. The samples were 151 parents. Data was collected by questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study the relationship between knowledge, attitude and behavior of the parents.
Results: More than 99.3% of parents knew that brushing should be done two times a day. Only 64.2 percent of parents knew that they should check their children’s teeth once a week. Regarding attitude: parents had a good attitude at 70.9 percent. They understood that their behavior is a good example for children to care for their teeth (95.4%). Nevertheless, 39.7% of parents thought that brushing teeth alone is enough for good oral health. Behavior about taking care of their child was good at 56.3 percent. They replaced the toothbrush when it was worn out (91.4%) but about 21.2% still let their children eat snacks. The result from multivariable logistic regression showed that parents with good knowledge and attitude tend to behave better by a factor of 4.28 compared to those who have poor knowledge and attitude which was statistically significant (ORadj=4.28 95%CI 1.61-11.40) when controlled for age and sex.
Conclusion: Knowledge and attitudes of parents are important for good oral health care of preschool children. Therefore relevant agencies should focus on promoting parental knowledge and attitudes which lead to good oral health and prevent future cases of dental health problems in preschool children.
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