Incidence and classification of bone fracture in dogs and cats: a retrospective study at veterinary teaching hospital, Khon Kaen university, Thailand (2013-2016)

Main Article Content

Amphone Keosengthong
Naruepon Kampa
Supranee Jitpean
Suvaluk Seesupa
Panisara Kunkitti
Somphong Hoisang

Abstract

The incidence and classification of bone fracture in dogs and cats at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH), Khon Kaen University (KKU) was studied. A total of 1,780 from 106,286 dogs and 255 from 22,258 cats diagnosed as bone fracture cases based on the radiographs from all presented cases during 2013-2016 were reviewed. The data collection composed of breeds, genders, ages, body weight including details of bone fractures, parts of the body, affected bones, causes of fractures and types of bone fracture were collected and analyzed. The results were presented as descriptive statistics. The incidence of bone fracture in dogs and cats were 1.7% and 1.1%, respectively. Regarding to breeds in both dogs and cats, mongrel breed were the most affected at 40.6% and 66.3%, respectively. Male dogs (58.4%) were more affected than female dogs (41.6%), whereas in cats the proportion was similar in males and females at 49.6% and 50.4%, respectively. Approximately 55% and 65% of bone fractures occurred in dogs and cats that were less than one-year-old. Medium size dogs, body weight between 10 to 25 kg were the most affected (35.2%). Road traffic accidents were the highest cause of bone fractures in both dogs (79.5 %) and cats (56.3%). Pelvic limbs were the most affected bones being 85.2% in dogs and 86.5% in cats. The highest incidence of affected bones in dogs and cats was the femur at 29.6% and 35.70%, respectively

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Keosengthong, A., Kampa, N., Jitpean, S., Seesupa, S., Kunkitti, P., & Hoisang, S. (2019). Incidence and classification of bone fracture in dogs and cats: a retrospective study at veterinary teaching hospital, Khon Kaen university, Thailand (2013-2016). Veterinary Integrative Sciences, 17(2), 127–139. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/vis/article/view/135358
Section
Research Articles

References

Ali, L. B. (2013). Incidence, occurrence, classification and outcome of small animal fractures: A retrospective study (2005-2010). World Acad Sci Eng Technol, 7(3), 191-196.
Bennour, E., Abushhiwa, M., Ben Ali, L., Sawesi, O., Marzok, M., Abuargob, O., Tmumen, S., Abdelhadi, J., Abushima, M., & Benothman, M. (2014). A Retrospective Study on Appendicular Fractures in Dogs and Cats in Tripoli–Libya. Asian J Anim Vet Adv 4(3), 425-431.
Borges Cardoso, C., Rahal, S., S. Agostinho, F., Mamprim, M., Santos, R., Silva Filho, E., Carolina Mortari, A., & Monteiro, F. O. (2016). long bone fracture in cat. a retrospective study. Vet. Zootec, 23, 504-509.
Elzomor, ST, Sheta, EME, Farghali, HA, Asour, & AE. (2014). Prevalence of femoral fractures in dogs and cats. J Egypt Med Assoc, 74, 269-278.
Eyarefe, O., & Oyetayo, S. (2016). Prevalence and pattern of small animal orthopaedic conditions at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan. Sokoto J. Vet., 14(2), 8-15.
Harasen, G. (2003a). Common long bone fracture in small animal practice — Part 2. Can Vet J, 44(6), 503-4.
Harasen, G. (2003b). Common long bone fractures in small animal practice—part 1. Can Vet J, 44(4), 333.
Hripcsak, G., & Albers, D. J. (2013). Correlating electronic health record concepts with healthcare process events. JAMIA, 20(e2), e311-e318.
Ishman, S. L., & Friedland, D. R. (2004). Temporal Bone Fractures: Traditional Classification and Clinical Relevance. The Laryngoscope, 114(10), 1734-1741.
Libardoni, R. d. N., Serafini, G. M. C., Oliveira, C. d., Schimites, P. I., Chaves, R. O., Feranti, J. P. S., Costa, C. A. S., Amaral, A. S. d., Raiser, A. G., & Soares, A. V. (2016). Appendicular fractures of traumatic etiology in dogs: 955 cases (2004-2013). Ciência Rural, 46(3), 542-546.
Minar, M., Hwang, Y., Park, M., Kim, S., Oh, C., Choi, S., & Kim, G. (2013). Retrospective study on fractures in dogs. JBR, 14, 140-144.
Newton, C. D., & Nunamaker, D. M. (1985). Textbook of Small Animal Orthopaedics. In Chater 11 etiology, classification and diagnosis of bone fracture (Vol. 1-16): Lippincott.
Porter, R, J., Ruckh, T, T., Popat, & C, K. (2009). Bone tissue engineering: a review in bone biomimetics and drug delivery strategies. Biotechnol Prog 25(6), 1539-1560.
Rhangani, A. T. (2014). Incidence, classification and management of appendicular Bone fractures in dogs in nairobi county, kenya. A retrospective study. (master degree), University of Nairobi, (17-30)
Roush. (2014). prevalence of bone fracture in dog and cat TVP Journal, 17.
Simon, Shiju, M., Ganesh, R, Ayyappan, S, Kumar, & Suresh, R. (2011). Incidence of pectoral limb fractures in dogs: a survey of 331 cases. Tamilnadu J. Vet. Animal Sciences, 7(2), 94-96.
Simon, Shiju, M., Ganesh, R, Ayyappan, S, Rao, GD, Kumar, Suresh, R., Kundave, VR, Das, & BC. (2010). Incidences of pelvic limb fractures in dogs: A survey of 478 cases. Vet World 20(1), 15-21.
Thengchaisri, Naris, Chaiyakorn, Thitiyanaporn, Pailin, Petison, Jadee, & Temwichitr. (2006). Classification of long bone fractures in dogs and cats. Paper presented at the Proceeding of the 32thVeterinary Medicine and Livestock Development Annual Conference, 57-63.
Uwagie, Ero, E. A., Abiaezute, Clifford Nwabugwu, Okorie-Kanu, Onyinye Josephine, Odigie, Eugene, Amienwanlen, Asemota, & Daniel, O. (2018). Retrospective evaluation of canine fractures in southern Nigeria. Comp Clin Path, 1-6.
Vidane, A. S., Elias, M. Z. J., Cardoso, J. M. M., Come, J. A. S. S., Harun, M., & Ambrósio, C. E. (2014). Incidence of fractures in the dogs and cats in Maputo (Mozambique) between 1998 and 2008. Ciênc. anim. bras, 15(4), 490-494

Most read articles by the same author(s)