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Brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BOAS) is frequently seen in brachycephalic dog breeds including Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, and Pugs. Dogs suffering from this syndrome have respiratory difficulties manifested as snoring, inspiratory discomfort, exercise intolerance, panting in most cases and syncope in some. These clinical signs may be a result of several structural abnormalities of the nasal canal, oropharynx, nasopharynx, and trachea such as stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, and everted laryngeal saccules. We studied 12 French bulldogs presenting with BOAS, and assessed the abnormalities by physical examination and endoscopy before surgical treatment. Palatoplasty or staphylectomy was performed in all dogs, in addition to the correction of nostril opening, and resection of laryngeal saccules for some. Histo-morphology of the excised palates was also investigated. Correlations between the postoperative clinical signs, endoscopic severity and histo-morphology were evaluated. The surgical outcomes were successful in terms of postoperative signs (p < 0.05). However, we could not establish any correlation between the aforementioned parameters. Based on our results, we highly recommend surgical intervention for dog breeds displaying BOAS. Endoscopic examination is also recommended but non-compulsory.
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