The deficiency of practices and limitation of reaching into good agricultural practices of small holders pig farmers in Chiang Rai province

Main Article Content

Theeratthawan Tobunluepob
Kiatichai Oonkad
Terdsak Yano

Abstract

The objective of this study was to survey the defi ciency of farmer’s practices and the limitation of farm management of small holder pig farms in Chiang Rai province that effect the reaching into pig farm good agricultural practices (GAP) system, under Department of Livestock Development (DLD) regulation. Total of 466 small holder pig farmers were interviewed by using the questionnaires which developed from the criteria of pig farm GAP. That consisted of demographic information, farm component, housing management, disease control and prevention management, including farm management which was beyond the criteria. Furthermore, the focus group discussion was performed with farmers and DLD offi cers. Their attitude of the limitation of farm and practice improvement, that effect to the reaching into pig farm GAP, was collected from the discussion. The defi ciency of farm component results showed that they had no specifi c area for infectious waste or death animal elimination (85.54%) , had no fence around farm (79.50%) and had no specifi c area to keep feed (41.48%). The study also found that workers lived in pig house (13.60%). The results from housing management indicated that they had no disinfectant foot-bath (87.12%), had no separated production unit (48.21%) and had no cleaning and disinfection pig house (31.84%). Under disease control and prevention management, they did not have visitor record (94.82%), did not use disinfection on truck and trailer before reaching farms (70.40%), did not take care of sick animal (56.73%), did not isolate sick animal (37.10%) and did not vaccinate their animals (22.20%). Finally, the results from other management beyond the criteria showed that, they did not have particular area for animals selling (90.47%), had no fence between production area and resident area (89.44%), did not quarantine new stock (74.36%), shared boar with other farm (68.91%) and did not use all-in-all-out production system (65.31%). Moreover, the results from focus group discussion indicated that the pig farm GAP was good and should be complied, according the farmer’s though. However, they could not follow because of the limitation of budget, knowledge and offi cer coordination.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tobunluepob, T., Oonkad, K., & Yano, T. (2014). The deficiency of practices and limitation of reaching into good agricultural practices of small holders pig farmers in Chiang Rai province. Veterinary Integrative Sciences, 12(1), 5–17. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/vis/article/view/146657
Section
Research Articles

References

Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. (2012). Given to pigs as a source of pollution must be controlled to discharge wastewater into the public water
supply or to the environment. Search from:https://infofi le.pcd.go.th/law/7_12_water.pdf?CFID=9275535& CFTOKEN=99384453 (In Thai)

Department of LivestockDevelopment, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (1999). Standard pig farm in Thailand B.E. 2542. Search from:https://www.dld.go.th/certify/th/images/stories/
BLSC/standard%20farm/law/s_f_1/9Pig.Pdf (In Thai)

Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (2008). Rating criteria for the assessment of standard pig farm. Search from: https://www.dld.go.th/certify/th/
images/stories/BLSC/standard%20farm/law/s_f_3/3_2/5.PDF (In Thai)

Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (1999). Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome (PRRS) is an epidemic disease of swine. Search from:
https://www.dld.go.th/dcontrol/th/index.php/aqs/437---prrs-.html (In Thai)

Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (2013). Statistical data. Search from: https://www.dld.go.th/ pvlo_cri/sftat_data2
.html (In Thai)

JitsopinBunprasert, JindaKhlibtong,ParaneeTangwiwat.(2012). Hog Raising by Farmers Participating in the Hog Fattering Employment Project under Betragro Ago Industry Co., Ltd. at Phitsanulok
Offi ce. Page 270-279. In The 2ndSTOU Graduate Research Conference. Nonthaburi: Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. (In Thai)

RuankwanChantiamboon. Applicational of standard farm regulation by small swine farmers in SanKamphaeng district, Chiang Mai province.Independent study of Master of Science
(Agriculture) Agriculural Extension, Chiang Mai University. (In Thai)

SupatidaPisage, PrakitSrisi, KomwutThammasa, Dutsadee Singpan, PrasertCheevajorn, KachainWong sathapornchai and ChuleepornJirapongsa.2011. Investigation of Pig Mortality in
Mahasarakham Province,Thailand, October 2010. Epidemiological Surveillance Report.Vol. 18: 4-7. Search from: https://dcontrol.dld.go.th/th/images/stories/ document/booklet/
feb54.pdf (In Thai)

Thai Swine Veterinary Association (2013). Criteria of standard farm. Search from: https://tsva.or.th/standard -of-farm-criteria

SuvichaiRojanasthien, PawinPadungtod, Sompreeya kongkaew,TerdsakYano,PanuwatYamsakul. 2007.Risk factors of foot-and-mouth disease on pig farms in Chiang Mai-Lumphun and Nan. Page 478-485. In Proceedings of 44thKasetsart University Annual Conference: Animals and Veterinary Medicine. Bangkok:Kasetsart University. (In Thai)

SuvichaiRojanasthien, PawinPadungtod, SuwitChotinun,Terdsak Yano. 2008. Sanitation management practices in the small scale poultry slaughter house in Northern Thailand, page 479-487.
inProceedings of 45thKasetsart University Annual Conference: Animals and Veterinary Medicine. Bangkok: Kasetsart University.(In Thai)

Amal, N.M., Lye, M.S., Ksiazek,T.G., Kitsutani, P.D., Hanjeet,K.S., Kamaluddin, M.A.,...Taha, M.A. (2000). Risk factor for Nipah virus transmission, Port Dickson,Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia: result from a hospital
-based case control study. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and PublicHealth,31(2), 301-306.

Cannadian swine health board. (2010). National farm level international standard. Retrieved from:https://www.swinehealth.ca/CSHB_Biosecuri ty_StandardI.pdf Cleland, P. C., Baldock, F. C., Chamnanpood, P., and Gleeson, L. J. (1996). Village level risk factors for foot-and-mouth disease in Northern Thailand.

Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 26(3–4), 253–261.FAO. (2011). Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS) virulence jumps and persistent circulation in Southeast Asia. . Retrieved
from:https://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al849e/al849e00.pdf.

Sterle, J., Dement, I.A. and Faries, C.F. (2011). Biosecurity for swine producers. Retrieved from: https://texaseden.org/disas ter-resources/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Biosecurity-for-Swine-Pro
ducers.pdf.

Tian, K., Yu, X., Zhao, T., Feng, Y., Cao, Z., Wang, C.,... Gao,F.G. (2007). Emergence of fatal PRRSV variants:unparalleled outbreaks of atypical PRRS inChina and molecular dissection of the unique
hallmark. Retrieved from:https://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0000526