Type of dermatophytes on rabbit skin in rabbit café in Chiang Mai

Main Article Content

Vena Chupia
Phanthida Jirasarunyanon
Supawan Sriwises
Kannika Na Lampang
Nithidol Buranapim


Dermatophytosis or ringworm is a superficial cutaneous infection caused by fungi of the genera Microsporum,Trichophytonand Epidermophyton, and it can transmit skin diseases among animals and humans (zoonosis). While dermatophytes have been investigated extensively in several animal species, information on rabbits is limited. The aim of this study was to discover the species of dermatophytes in rabbit cafés in Chiang Mai. ‪A total of 66hair samples was collected from rabbits in 3rabbit cafés by using brushingor the Mackenzie technique.  Sabouraud's dextrose agar plates, containing Cycloheximide and Chloramphenicol, were used as a fungal culture. The types of fungi were identified based on colony characteristics and observed fungal morphology under light microscope. Dermatophytes isolated from 100% (3/3) of the rabbit cafés were in 12.11% (8/66) of the hair samples. Microsporum gypseumat 7.57% (5/66), Trichophyton mentagrophytesat 3.03% (2/66), and Trichophyton verrucosumat 1.51% (1/66) were isolated from rabbits with healthy skin and those with a dermatological problem.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chupia, V., Jirasarunyanon, P., Sriwises, S., Na Lampang, K., & Buranapim, N. (2019). Type of dermatophytes on rabbit skin in rabbit café in Chiang Mai. Veterinary Integrative Sciences, 17(1), 75–85. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/vis/article/view/149244
Research Articles


Cabanes FJ, Abarca ML and Bragulat MR. Dermatophytes isolated from domestic animals in Barcelona, Spain. Mycopathologia 1997; 137(2): 107-113.
Cafarchia C, Camarda A, Coccioli C, Figueredo LA, Circella E, Danesi P and Otranto D. Epidemiology and risk factors for dermatophytoses in rabbit farms. Med Mycol 2010; 48(7): 975-980.
Chapman JA and Flux JEC. Introduction to the Lagomorpha. In: Lagomorph Biology, Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: Springer 2008; 1-9.
Chermette R, Ferreiro L and Guillot J. Dermatophytoses in animals. Mycopathologia 2008; 166(5-6): 385-405.
Dai-Jun L, Yu-Fa Z, Jing-Bo L, Mingliang Z, Yu-Mei C and Zeng-Min M. Prevalence Investigation of Dermatophytes in Rabbits in Qingdao Region, China. J Anim Vet Adv 2012; 11(7): 883-885.
Dey JC, Rahman MK, Rumi MA, et al. Prevalence of Dermatophytosis in Rabbits at Saqtvh, Chittagong, Bangladesh. J Dairy Vet Anim Res 2016; 3(6): 201‒205.
Donnelly TM, Rush EM and Lackner PA. Ringworm in small exotic pets. Semin Avian Exot Pet Med 2000; 9(2): 82-93.
Khosravi AR and Mahmoudi M. Dermatophytes isolated from domestic animals in Iran. Mycoses 2003; 46(5‐6): 222-225.
Mackenzie DWR. Hairbrush diagnosis in detection and eradication of non-fluorescent scalp ringworm. Br Med J 1963; 2(5353): 363–365.
Maurice MN, Kazeem HM, Kwanashie CN, et al. Equine Dermatophytosis: A Survey of Its Occurrence and Species Distribution among Horses in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Scientifica (Cairo) 2016; 6280646: 1-7.
Midgley G, Moore MK, Cook JC and Phan QG. Mycology of nail disorders. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994; 31(3 Pt 2): 68-74
Moriello KA. Diagnostic techniques for dermatophytosis. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2001; 16(4): 219-224.
Niyomtham W, Techaarpornku N, Chaisupasin V, Huangwong S, Naveephap O, Yurayart C and Prapasarakul N. Epidemiology of dermatophytes in cat farms and animal hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand. The Journal of Thai Veterinary Practitioners 2011; 23(1-2): 29-39.
Powers L. Fungal Diseases. Semin Avian Exot Pet Med 2000; 9(2): 51-111.
Rippon JW. The pathogenic fungi and the pathogenic actinomycetes. Medical mycology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders 1988; 797pp.
Sutaphaha B. Laboratory identification of pathogenic fungi. 3rd ed.Chiang Mai: Chiang Mai University 2008; 203pp.
Vanittanakom N. Medical Mycology. Chiang Mai: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University 1999; 425pp.
White SD, Bourdeau PJ and Meredith A. Dermatologic problems of rabbits. Semin Avian Exot Pet Med 2002; 11(3): 141-150.