Feasibility study of inertia sensor technology on the pelvic and trunk kinematics during horseback riding in children https://doi.org/10.12982/VIS.2021.010

Main Article Content

Nuanlaor Thawinchai
Taweetip Tabsuri
Siriporn Peansukmanee
Vipul Lugade


Inertial sensors technology (IMU) has been utilized to determine kinematic data for some outdoor activities. Horseback riding (HR) is an alternative treatment that has been reported to be beneficial for children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, understanding the mechanism of improving postural control is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasible of IMU to determine pelvic and trunk kinematics during HR in children with CP and with typical development (TD). Twenty children (10 CP, 10 TD; age: 4-12 years) were recruited. The movement of the pelvis and trunk in children with CP and TD including angular displacement and velocity were measured by inertial measurement sensors during horseback riding. The result found that no differences were found for pelvis and trunk angular displacement or velocity. For children with CP, pelvis and trunk correlations were strong in angular displacement in the sagittal plane (r=0.65, p=0.04 for pelvis and trunk flexion-extension and r=0.75, p=0.01 for pelvis flexion-extension and trunk inclination) and in angular velocity in the frontal and horizontal plane (r=0.82, p=0.02 for lateral flexion and r=0.73, p=0.02 for rotation). For children with TD, pelvis and trunk correlations were strong only for angular velocity in the sagittal plane (r=67, p=0.03). In conclusion, it is possible to use the IMU technology to capture movement of children during HR. The motion parameters including pelvis and trunk angular displacement and velocity that can be used to detect a degree of functional impairments and monitor the progress of treatment.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Thawinchai, N., Tabsuri, T. ., Peansukmanee, S. ., & Lugade, V. . (2020). Feasibility study of inertia sensor technology on the pelvic and trunk kinematics during horseback riding in children: https://doi.org/10.12982/VIS.2021.010. Veterinary Integrative Sciences, 19(1), 111–120. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/vis/article/view/247146
Research Articles


Barton, G.J., Hawken, M.B., Foster, R.J., Holmes, G., Butler, P.B., 2013. The effects of virtual reality game training on trunk to pelvis coupling in a child with cerebral palsy. J. Neuroeng. Rehabil. 10, 15-15.
Cho, Y.-S., Jang, S.-H., Cho, J.-S., Kim, M.-J., Lee, H.D., Lee, S.Y., Moon, S.-B., 2018. Evaluation of Validity and Reliability of Inertial Measurement Unit-Based Gait Analysis Systems. Annals of rehabilitation medicine 42, 872-883.
Cuesta-Vargas, A.I., Galán-Mercant, A., Williams, J.M., 2010. The use of inertial sensors system for human motion analysis. Physical therapy reviews : PTR 15, 462-473.
Garner, B.A., Rigby, B.R., 2015. Human pelvis motions when walking and when riding a therapeutic horse. Hum Mov Sci 39, 121-137.
Guimarães, A.N., Ugrinowitsch, H., Dascal, J.B., Porto, A.B., Okazaki, V.H.A., 2020. Freezing Degrees of Freedom During Motor Learning: A Systematic Review. Motor Control, 1-15.
MacPhail, H.E.A., Edwards, J., Golding, J., Miller, K., Mosier, C., Zwiers, T., 1998. Trunk Postural Reactions in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy During Therapeutic Horseback Riding. Pediatr. Phys. Ther. 10, 143-147.
Piek, J.P., 2002. The role of variability in early motor development. Infant Behavior and Development 25, 452-465.
Rosenbloom, L., 2007. Definition and classification of cerebral palsy. Definition, classification, and the clinician. Dev. Med. Child Neurol. Suppl. 109, 43.
Temcharoensuk, P., Lekskulchai, R., Akamanon, C., Ritruechai, P., Sutcharitpongsa, S., 2015. Effect of horseback riding versus a dynamic and static horse riding simulator on sitting ability of children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of physical therapy science 27, 273-277.
Tseng, S.-H., Chen, H.-C., Tam, K.-W., 2013. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of equine assisted activities and therapies on gross motor outcome in children with cerebral palsy. Disabil. Rehabil. 35, 89-99.