Screening of natural product extracts for fly repellent and larvicide

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Kanokwan Bootyothee
Surasit Aunpromma
Atchara Artchayasawat
Opal Pitaksakulrat
Sirintip Boonjaraspinyo
Thidarut Boonmars


Fly is one of the vectors of foodborne pathogenic vectors and causes myiasis in humans and animals. To prevent the contamination of food and myiasis, various chemical products are commonly used. However, eco-friendly is now a trend all over the world so natural products are the alternative ways to reduce the chemical residue in the environment. The present study was screened the 12 natural products in 4 groups; the essential oil plants, the alkaloid plants, the cyanogenic plant, and the inorganic compounds which use a simple extraction on the fly repelling and larvicide. The fly repelling efficacy with 2 criteria consist of the time of the first swarm and percent repelling (PR) in the first 15 min. The larvicidal efficacy was determined by the mortality rate within 24 h. The Kaffir lime peels aqueous crude extract exhibited the best result on fly repelling from both criteria with no significant difference. The bamboo shoots aqueous crude extract gave the best result on larvicide with significantly different from other groups (P < 0.001) which was faster than the positive control group (Coumaphos & Propoxur). Moreover, the high mortality rate reached 73.33 ± 15.28% within 24 h, higher than the positive control group. The present study indicates the power of common natural products on fly repellent and larvicide that may apply for fly repellant to reduce the food contamination especially fresh materials and prevention or treatment of animal and human myiasis in rural areas

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Bootyothee, K. ., Aunpromma, S. ., Artchayasawat, A. ., Pitaksakulrat, O. ., Boonjaraspinyo, S. ., & Boonmars, T. . (2021). Screening of natural product extracts for fly repellent and larvicide: Veterinary Integrative Sciences, 20(1), 25–40. Retrieved from
Research Articles


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