Main Article Content
The skeletal muscle, which largely forms meat, constitutes most of the body mass in pigs. Growth and meat quality mainly depend on the relationship between prenatal and postnatal development. Feed additives are used in the diet of pigs to improve production efficiency. In this study, we determined the effect of feeding pregnant pigs fermented potato extract protein on the characteristics of the skeletal muscles of newborn piglets. Ten Danish gilts (Large white x Landrace) were supplemented with or without fermented potato extract protein (5 gilts each) during the gestation period. After parturition, two neonate piglets from each sow were randomly selected, and the birth weight, organ weight, morphometrics, and the characteristics of the semitendinosus muscle, including weight, length, circumference, muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA), number of total muscle fibers, number of primary fibers, number of secondary fibers, and the ratio of secondary to primary (S:P) fibers were recorded. The piglets from sows that were fed fermented potato extract protein showed a significantly higher S:P ratio (p = 0.02) than those from control sows. The weights of the body and visceral organs at birth tended to be higher in the newborn offspring of the treated sows. The supplementation with fermented potato extract protein during gestation in pigs can increase the S:P ratio, which can be used to follow changes in the hyperplasia of secondary fibers in the fetus and might also affect postnatal growth.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publishing an article with open access in Veterinary Integrative Sciences leaves the copyright with the author. The article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0), which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited.
Adamović, I., Vitorović, D., Blagojević, M., Nešić, I., Brkić, Z., 2014. Histological and histochemical properties of M. Semitendinosus in German landrace pigs at birth and market weight. Acta Vet. 64(3), 319–326.
Benjasiriwan, J., Amornrutchayavijarn, J., Raksakom, C., Chaiyawan T., Tummaruk, P., 2013.Reproductive performance of gilts and sows associated with their serum insulin-like growth factor-I and the supplementation of fermented potato protein. In Proceedings of the 51st Kasetsart University annual conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 5–7 February 2013.
Bérard, J., Kalbe, C., Lösel, D., Tuchscherer, A., Rehfeldt, C., 2011. Potential sources of early-postnatal increase in myofibre number in pig skeletal muscle. Histochem. Cell Biol. 136(2), 217–225.
Cerisuelo, L., Ecolan, P., Barzic, Y. M., Marion, J., Dividich, J. L., 2003. Early postnatal food intake alters myofiber maturation in pig skeletal muscle. J. Nutr. 133(1), 140–147.
Cerisuelo, A., Baucells, M. D., Gasa, J., Coma, J., Carrión, D., Chapinal, N., Sala, R., 2009. Increased sow nutrition during midgestation affects muscle fiber development and meat quality, with no consequences on growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. 87(2),729–739.
D’Angelis, F.H.F., Ferraz, G.C., Santos, E.B., Steque, M.F.L., Feringer-Junior, W.H., Queiroz-Neto, A., 2014. Standardization of metachromatic staining method of myofibrillar ATPase activity of myosin to skeletal striated muscle of mules and donkeys. Pesqui. Vet. Bras. 34(9), 918–920.
Davis, T.A., Fiorotto, M.L., Burrin, D.G., Vann, R.C., Reeds, P.J., Nguyen, H.V., Beckett,P.R., Bush, J.A., 2002. Acute IGF-I infusion stimulates protein synthesis in skeletal muscle and other tissues of neonatal pigs. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 283(4), E638-647.
Dwyer, C.M., Stickland, N.C., Fletcher, J.M., 1994. The influence of maternal nutrition on muscle fiber number development in the porcine fetus and on subsequent postnatal growth. J. Anim. Sci. 72(4), 911–917.
Fowden, A.L., 2003. The insulin-like growth factors and feto-placental growth. Placenta.24(8–9), 803–812.
Götz, W., Dittjen, O., Wicke, M., Biereder, S., Krüger, U., Von Lengerken, G., 2001.Immunohistochemical detection of components of the insulin-like growth factor system during skeletal muscle growth in the pig. Anat. Histol. Embryol. 30(1), 49–56.
Ji, Y., Wu, Z., Dai, Z., Wang, X., Li, J., Wang, B., Wu, G., 2017. Fetal and neonatal programming of postnatal growth and feed efficiency in swine. J. Anim. Sci.Biotechnol. 8(42), 1-15.
Kalbe, C., Lösel, D., Block, J., Lefaucheur, L., Brüssow, K.P., Bellmann, O., Pfuhl, R., Puppe, B., Otten, W., Metges, C.C., Rehfeldt, C., 2017. Moderate high or low maternal protein diets change gene expression but not the phenotype of skeletal muscle from porcine fetuses. Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. 58, 63–75.
Lefaucheur, L., Edom, F., Ecolan, P., Butler-Browne, G.S., 1995. Pattern of muscle fiber type formation in the pig. Dev. Dyn. 203(1), 27–41.
Lefaucheur, L., Ecolan, P., Barzic, Y. M., Marion, J., Dividich, J. L., 2003. Early postnatal food intake alters myofiber maturation in pig skeletal muscle. J. Nutr. 133(1),140-147.
Poltep, K., Tantawet, S., Chanapiwat, P., Korchunjit, J., Kaeoket, K., Wongtawan, T., 2016.Effect of feeding a fermented potato extract protein on piglet growth and immunity.Thai J. Vet. Med. Suppl. 46, 215-216.
Poolperm, P., Udomprasert, P., Sapchukun, K., Sapchukun, S., 2012. A comparative study on the effect of pro-metabolic regulator (Lianol® Colostro) on weight gain and IGF-1 levels pre-weaning between lower and normal birth weight piglets. In Proceedings of the 22nd international pig veterinary society congress, Jeju, Korea, 10-13 June 2012.
Rehfeldt, C., Fiedler, I., Dietl, G., Ender, K., 2000. Myogenesis and postnatal skeletal muscle cell growth as influenced by selection. Livest. Prod. Sci. 66(2), 177–188.
Rehfeldt, C., Kuhn, G., 2006. Consequences of birth weight for postnatal growth performance and carcass quality in pigs as related to myogenesis. J. Anim. Sci. 84 Suppl,E113–123.
Rehfeldt, C., Te Pas, M.F.W., Wimmers, K., Brameld, J.M., Nissen, P.M., Berri, C., Valente, L.M.P., Power, D.M., Picard, B., Stickland, N.C., Oksbjerg, N., 2011. Advances in research on the prenatal development of skeletal muscle in animals in relation to the quality of muscle-based food. II-Genetic factors related to animal performance and advances in methodology. Animal. 5(5), 718–730.
Tan, C., Ji, Y., Zhao, X., Xin, Z., Li, J., Huang, S., Cui, Z., Wen, L., Liu, C., Kim, S.W., Deng,J., Yin, Y., 2021. Effects of dietary supplementation of nucleotides from late gestation to lactation on the performance and oxidative stress status of sows and their offspring. Anim Nutr. 7(1), 111-118.
Tantawet, S., Chanapiwat, P., Laohasinnarong, D., Potisomporn, P., Kaeoket, K., 2015. The influence of Lianol® Ferti supplementation during lactating-weaned sows on the weaning to oestrus interval (WOI). In Proceedings of the 7th Asian pig veterinary society congress, Manila, Philippines, 25-27 October 2015.
Tristán, F., Rivero, M.A., Albors, O.L., Ramis, G., Vázquez, J.M., Martínez, M., Martínez, J.S., Gil, F., 2009. Relationship of birth weight with the size, number and proportion of fibres in the pig semitendinosus muscle. Anat. Histol. Embryol. 38(4), 275–278.
Wigmore, P.M.C., Stickland, N.C. 1983. Muscle development in large and small pig fetuses. J. Anat. 137(2), 235–245.
Zhang, S., Heng, J., Song, H., Zhang, Y., Lin, X., Tian, M., Chen, F., Guan, W., 2019. Role of maternal dietary protein and amino acids on fetal programing, early neonatal development, and lactaion in swine. Animals. 9(1), 19.
Zotti, E., Resmini, F.A., Schutz, L.G., Volz, N., Milani, R.P., Bridi, A.M., Alfieri, A.A., da Silva, C.A., 2017. Impact of piglet birthweight and sow parity on mortality rates, growth performance, and carcass traits in pigs. Rev. Bras. de Zootec. 46(11),856–862.