Perdictive Factors of Depression Among Students in Junior High School
Keywords:Depression, Adversity quotient, Internet games addiction, Authoritative parenting style, junior high school
Depression in adolescence is predominant problem because it affects adolescent themselve, family, and society. This predictive correlational study aimed to determine factors influencing depression among junior high school students. A sample of 200 junior high school students in Trad province was recruited by stratified random sampling technique. Data were obtained during June to July, 2018. Research instruments included 1) demographic questionnaires, 2) authoritative questionnaires, 3) phone addiction questionnaires, 4) internet game addiction questionnaires for children and adolescents, 5) adversity quotient questionnaires, and 6) depression scale questionnaires for children. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and stepwise multiple regression analysis.The results found that 30% of sample had depression. The overall mean score of depression was 21.78 (S.D. = 4.46). Factors influencing depression included adversity quotient (β = -0.292, p < 0.001), internet game addiction (β = 0.222, p < 0.05), and authoritative (β = -0.163, p < 0.05), respectively. Total variances explain for depression among high school students was 27% (R2 = 0.271, Adjusted R2 = 0.256, p < 0.001). The results show that adversity quotient, internet game addiction and authoritative parenting style influenced on depression among students in junior high school; therefore, nurses, health care providers, and the people who work with adolescents should use these significant variables to develop program in order to prevent depression among adolescents.
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