Effects of Self-efficacy Enhancement Program to Food Consumption Behavior Modification among Diabetes Mellitus Risk Groups at Khlongtonsai, Khlongsan, Bangkok

Authors

  • Penwadee Rojruangnon, M.P.H. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Wittawat Kamutsri, M.P.H. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Porntipa Kraitap, Dr.P.H. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Natthamon Seubsui, M.P.H. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Napat Tiewwilai, M.Sc. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University
  • Thanapong Tedniyom, B.Sc. Public Health Program, Faculty of Science and Technology Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University

Keywords:

Self-efficacy, Food consumption behavior, Risk groups of diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Background: Diabetes problems continue to rise steadily. It is an important public health problem that needs to be accelerated in order to reduce future incidence of diabetes. Controlling diabetes preventative is best to lifestyle modifications, especially for diabetic risk groups. Prevention is the most important factor supporting the risk group. Therefore, researchers have developed effects of self-efficacy enhancement program to food consumption behavior modification among risk groups of diabetes mellitus.Objective: Aimed to study the effects of self-efficacy enhancement program to food consumption behavior modification among risk groups of diabetes mellitus.Method: The 70 samples were divided into 2 groups; an experimental group of 35 samples and a comparison group of 35 samples. The effects were evaluated before and after trial. The experimental group received the program created by applying self-efficacy theory. Data were collected using questionnaires. Statistics used were descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation and inferential statistic as Paired sample t-test and Independent t-test at a statistical significance level of 0.05.Result: After trial, the experimental group had a higher average score than before experiment in self-efficacy= 7.14, outcome expectation= 6.66, and food consumption behavior= 5.34, significantly (p<0.001), including blood sugar level decreased 11 mg/dl. (p<0.05).Conclusion: Effects of self-efficacy enhancement program to food consumption behavior modification among risk groups of diabetes can modify dietary habits and reduces blood sugar levels in diabetes risk groups. The results suggested that the program could be applied to diabetes risk groups in other areas

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References

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Published

30-11-2021

How to Cite

1.
Rojruangnon P, Kamutsri W, Kraitap P, Seubsui N, Tiewwilai N, Tedniyom T. Effects of Self-efficacy Enhancement Program to Food Consumption Behavior Modification among Diabetes Mellitus Risk Groups at Khlongtonsai, Khlongsan, Bangkok. j dept med ser [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 30 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];46(3):81-8. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JDMS/article/view/255161

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Original Article