The Development of Life Skills in Critical Cognitive Skills of Student in the Vocational

Main Article Content

กนก พานทอง
ภัทราวดี มากมี
ปริญญา เรืองทิพย์
ประวิทย์ ทองไชย
ปิยะทิพย์ ประดุจพรม



This study aimed at developing the Critical Cognitive Skills (CCS) in vocational students. The qualitative data were conducted by the in-depth interview and focus group from 128 participants involving administrators and related personnel and the quantitative data were collected from 2,869 vocational students in schools under the office of the vocational education commission. These vocational students were selected by the multistage sampling technique. The research instruments were a need assessment questionnaire of the CCS of vocational students, a structured interview on CCS participation development of vocational students, the CSS life skill assessment, and a CSS life skill training program. Data were analyzed by using content analysis for the qualitative data and by descriptive statistics, a need assessment evaluation, and t-test for the quantitative data.

The results revealed that the administrators and related personnel involved in developing the CSS life skill and needed the related personnel involved in the CSS life skill assessment the most. Whereas students needed the CSS life skill the most. The criteria of the CSS life skill could be divided into excellent, good, and fair levels. The developed CSS life skill training program was designed to focus on learners in terms of encouraging thinking skill, practice, and happy learning, asking, and sharing opinions throughout ten activities. The developed CSS life skill training program was suitable to be used with vocational students at the highest level (M=4.51). After training, the CSS life skill scores in experimental group were significantly higher than before the experiment at the .05 level and the experimental group exhibited a higher mean score in the CSS life skill when compared to the control group at the .05 level. Vocational students were generally satisfied to the CSS life skill training program from the high levels to the highest levels. 


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Bartels, D. M., Bauman, C. W., Cushman, F., Pizarro, D. A., & McGraw, A. P. (2014). Moral judgment and decision making. In G. Keren & G. Wu (Eds.) The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Batchelder, W. H., & Alexander, G. E. (2012). Insight problem solving: A critical examination of the possibility of formal theory. The Journal of Problem Solving, 5(1), 6.

Botvin, G.J. (2006). Life Skills Training: Promoting Health and Personal Development. Princeton Health.

Chadcham, S. (2001). Hand Book of 433306 Classical Test Theory. Department of Educational Research and Measurement, Faculty of Education, Burapha University. [In Thai]

Charan, J., & Biswas, T. (2013). How to calculate sample size for different study designs in medical research?. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 35(2), 121-126.

Chompoopan, W., & Banchonhattakit, P. (2012). Effects of Development Program of Life Skills on Stress Management Behavior Promotion among the Emergency Medical Technician Students of Sirindhorn College of Public Health, KhonKaen. Srinagarind Medical Journal, 27(3), 302-309. [In Thai]

Cohen, J. M., & Uphoff, N. T. (1977). Rural Development Participation: Conceps and Measures for Project Design, Implementation and Evaluation. New York: The Rural Development Committee Center for International Studies, Cornell University.

Edmonds, W. A., & Kennedy, T. D. (2017). An applied reference guide to research designs: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE.

Guilford, J. P. (1967). The Nature of Human Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lewis, A., & Smith, D. (1993). Defining higher order thinking. Theory into Practice, 32 (3), 131-137.

Macmillan Education. (2016). Macmillan life skills language is a life skill. Retrieved May 13, 2017, from

Mangrulkar, L., Whitman, V. C., & Posner, M. (2001). Life Skills Approach to Child and Adolescent Healthy Human Development. Pan American Health Organization.

Office of the Basic Education Commission. (2014). Guidelines for organizing a life skill training camp: The problems can be stopped with the power of children and youth. Bangkok: OBEC. [In Thai]

Pinitjitsamut, M. (2009). Dialogue: science of intelligence creative in human. Bangkok: Monotheme Consulting. [In Thai]

Pinyoanuntapong, S. (2015). Development of Teacher Training Program for Promoting Young Children’s Social and Emotional Development. Journal of Education: Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University, 16(1), 76-94. [In Thai]

Royal Thai Government Gazette. (2013). Notification of Ministry of Education on Thai Qualifications Framework for Vocational Education (TQF:VEd) 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2017, from http:// [In Thai]

Samsudin, K. A., & Ismail, A. (2004). The improvement of mental rotation through computer based multimedia tutor. Malaysian Online Journal of Instructional Technology (MOJIT), 1(2), 24-34.

Sinthapanon, S., Wannalerslak, W., & Sinthapanon, P. (2009). Thinking Skill Development for Success Teching (3th ed.). Bangkok: Liangchiang. [In Thai]

Strickland, O. L., Lenz, E. R., & Waltz, C. (2010). Instrumentation and data collection. In Measurement in nursing and health research (4th ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.

Treerattananukool, S., & Makmee, P. (2017). Participation for Development of Life Skills of Students in Phanomsarakham Industrial and Community Education College, Chachoengsao Province. Rajabhat MahaSarakham University Journal, 11(3), 185-196. [In Thai]

Umpote, K. (2015). Training curriculum development. Retrieved June 30, 2016, from
org/ofrector/person/train/hanbook/course.html. [In Thai]

Wongpiromsarn, Y., & Ruangkanchanasetr, S. (2009). Life Skill.Retrieved February 11, 2017, from [In Thai]

World Health Organization. (1993). Life skills education in schools. WHO.

World Health Organization. (1994). Life skills education for children and adolescents in schools. Pt. 1, Introduction to life skills for psychosocial competence. Pt. 2, Guidelines to facilitate the development and implementation of life skills programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization Retrieved May 13, 2017, from

World Health Organization. (1997). Life skills education in schools (revised edition). Geneva: World Health Organization-Program on Mental Health. 1-7.