A Qualitative Study of Perceptions about Eating Behaviours and Metabolic Syndrome in Thailand

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Jariya supruang
Aporn Deenan
Chintana Wacharasin


            Metabolic syndrome leads to many chronic diseases and has increased significantly in Thailand where eating behaviors play an important role in the syndrome’s development.This qualitative study aimed to describe the perception of people with metabolic syndrome related to the syndrome and their eating behaviors. Two focus group discussions (12 participants per group) were conducted at Tambon Health Promotion Hospitals. The data were obtained through an interview guideline, audio recordings, and notes. Based on Miles and Huberman’s method, content analysis was performed on transcripts and notes of the participants’ interaction and reflections.

             Three themes emerged from analysis: In the first theme, Perception of metabolic syndrome there were with two subthemes: It’s only being fat and big belly and Obesity is a source of many diseases, but I still feel like a normal person. The second theme, Factors related to metabolic syndrome, contained four sub-themes, Emotions influence eating behavior, Thoughts related to eating behavior, Socio-environment facilitates eating behavior, and Culture interferes with eating behavior. In the third theme, Management of eating behavior, the two subthemes were:Success in changing eating behavior and Failure in changing eating behavior.These findings help to provide better understanding about the perceptions of participants towards metabolic syndrome, the influential factors, and their efforts to manage eating behaviors. From the research findings, nurses and health care providers should evaluate and educate people about metabolic syndrome, its threats, and management. Screening for this syndrome could prevent and reduce its severity. Future nursing research should develop interventions to prevent and reduce it.

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supruang J, Deenan A, Wacharasin C. A Qualitative Study of Perceptions about Eating Behaviours and Metabolic Syndrome in Thailand. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 14 [cited 2023 Feb. 3];24(2):234-45. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/191621
Original paper


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