Perception of HIV Risk-Taking Behaviors among Youths Incarcerated in a Juvenile Vocational Training Center: A Qualitative Study

Main Article Content

Phurichaya Burinkul
Areewan Klunklin
Waraporn Boonchieng
Jutamas Chotibang
Pranee Liamputtong

Abstract

                Youths who are incarcerated often have high risk behaviors for HIV. A descriptive qualitative approach was used to gain an understanding about perceptions of HIV risk-taking behaviors among male youths who were incarcerated in a juvenile vocational training center in the north of Thailand. Multiple methods were employed to gather information from 42 male youth and included site document reviews, four focus group discussions (8 persons/group), 10 in-depth interviews, and participant observation. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.


                Two themes emerged. The first theme was Personal perceptions of risky behavior and this had five subthemes: The nature of adolescents and risk behaviors, Stress in vocational training, Surviving the training, Needing the excitement of sex, and Sexual norms. The second theme, Social and environmental contexts encouraging HIV risk-taking behavior, involved three subthemes: Rules and regulations promoting risky behaviors, Incitement to risky behaviors, and Peer influence. 


                Accurate understanding about HIV risk-taking behaviors of youths who are incarcerated will help nurses and other healthcare providers to provide sensitive health care to these youths and to mutually engage to support those incarcerated to reduce HIV risk-taking behaviors.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Burinkul P, Klunklin A, Boonchieng W, Chotibang J, Liamputtong P. Perception of HIV Risk-Taking Behaviors among Youths Incarcerated in a Juvenile Vocational Training Center: A Qualitative Study. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2016 Apr. 27 [cited 2022 Aug. 15];20(2):148-60. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/24502
Section
Original paper

References

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). HIV among Youth. C2015 [cited 2015 June 9]. Available fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/age/youth/index. html?s_cid=tw_std0141316

2. Public Health Agency of Canada. HIV and aids in Canada: surveillance report to December 31, 2013. Ministry of work and government services Canada. C2012[cited 2015 June 9]. Available fromhttp://www.catie.ca/en/resources/ hiv-and-aids-canada-surveillance-report-december- 31-2013

3. Braverman PK, Murray PJ. Health care for youth in the juvenile justice system. Americanacademy of Pediatrics. 2012 128(6): 1219-1235

4. Navadeh S, Mirzazadeh A, Gouya MM, Farina M, Alasvand R, Haghdoost AA. HIV prevalence and related behaviours among prisoners in Iran: results of the national biobehavioural survey 2009. Sexually Transmitted Infection. 2013 89(3): 33-36

5. Tolou- Sham M, Brow KL, Houck C, Conrad SM, Lescano CM. The association between depressive symptoms, substance use, and HIV risk among youth with an arrest history. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2008 69: 58-64

6. CDC. HIV in Correctional Settings. C2014 [cited 2015 June 9]. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/ other/correctional.html

7. Valera P, Epperson M, Daniels J, Ramaswamy M, Ferudenberg N. Substance use and HIV-risk behaviors among young men involved in the criminal justice system. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 200935: 43-47

8. Toious- Sham M, Hadley W, Conrad SM, Brow KL. The role of family affect in juvenile drug court offenders’ substance use and HIV risk. Journal of Child and Family Studies.2012 21(3): 449-456

9. Voisin DR, Neilands TB, Salazar, LF, Crosby, RA, DiClemente, RJ. Pathways to drug and sexual risk behaviors among detained adolescents. Social Work Research. 2008 32 (3): 147-157.

10. Department of Juvenile Observation and Protection. Department of Juvenile Observation and Protection Ministry of Justice of Thailand. C2015 [cited 2015 July 27]. Available from http://www2.djop.moj.go.th/english

11. Apakupakul N. Juvenile Observation and Protection Center: Southern Part of Thailand [Research report]. Songkla, Thailand: Faculty of Medicine Prince of Songkla University; 2003

12. Bunprasoet N. Resocialization for construction of health preventive behavior of HIV/AIDS among adolescents regional juvenile vocational center [Research report]. Phitsanulok , Thailand: Naresuan University; 2009

13. Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control Ministry of Public Health. AIDS Situation in Thailand: Surveillance Report to October 31, 2014. C2014. [cited 2015 June 9]. Available from www.boe.moph.go.th/ files/report/20141128_61345755.pdf

14. Ahmad A, Mazlan NH. Substance abuse and childhood trauma experiences: Comparison between incarcerated and non-incarcerated youth. Procedia-Social and Behavior Sciences. 2014 13: 161-170

15. Yeater EA, Lenberg KL, Bryan AD. Predictors of sexual aggression among male juvenile offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2012 27(7): 1242-1258

16. Altaf A, Janjua, NZ, Kristensen, S, Zaidi, NA, Memom, A, Hook, EW, Vermund, SH, Shah, SA. High-risk behaviors among juvenile prison inmates in Pakistan. Public Health. 2009 123(7): 470-475

17. Kell PJ, Morgan KJ, Champion JD, Wood R. Sexuality knowledge, attitudes and practices of young women in the juvenile justice system. Pediatric Nursing. 2003 29(4): 271-277.

18. Wiesner M, Kim HK, Capaldi, DM. Developmental trajectories of offending: validation and prediction to young adult alcohol use, drug use, and depressive symptoms. Development and Psychopathology. 2005 17: 251-270

19. Harawa N, Adimora A. Incarceration, African Americans, and HIV: advancing a research agenda. Journal of the National Medical Association.2008 100(1): 57-62

20. Rowe CL, Wang W, Greenbaum P, Liddle HA. Pridicting HIV/STDrisk level and substance use disorders among incarcerated adolescents. Journal of Psychoactive Drug. 2008 40(4): 503-512

21. Piwaphong Y. The influence of pornography on sex abuses among juvenile delinquent case study: The juvenile vocational training center in Bangkok. Academic Services Journal. 2011 22(3): 13-29

22. Liamputtong, P. Qualitative research methods, 4th edn. Oxford University Press: Melbourne; 2013

23. Lambert VA, Lambert CE. Editorial: Qualitative descriptive research: An acceptable design. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research. 2012 16(4): 255-256

24. Boateng W. Evaluating the efficacy of focus group discussion in qualitative social research. International Journal of Business and Social Science.20123(7): 54–57

25. Rabiee F. Focus-group interview and data analysis. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2004 63(4):655-60

26. Cook, K. In-depth interview. In Given L. The sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing; 2008, pp. 423 - 424.

27. Guba EG, Lincoln YS. Fourth generation evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publishing; 1989.

28. Shenton AK. Strategies for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative. Education for Information. 2004 22: 63–75

29. Zhang Y, Wildemuth BM. Qualitative analysis of content. In Wildemuth B. Applications of social research methods toquestions in information and library science westport. Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited; 2009,pp. 308-319.

30. Fongkaew et al. Prevention and reduction of HIV infection among young people: current situation.[Research report]. Chiang Mai,Thailand: Support byOffice of the Higher Education Commission: OHEC; 2006

31. Romero EG, Teplin LA, McClelland GM, Abram KM, Welty LJ, Washburn, J.J. A longitudinal study of the prevalence, development, and persistence of HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk behaviors in delinquent youth: implication for health care in the community.Pediatrics. 2007119(5): e1126-e1141. DOI: 10.1542/peds. 2006-0128

32. Ng IYH, Shen X, Sim H, Sarri RC, Stoffregen E, Shook JJ. Incarcerating juveniles in adult prisons as a factor in depression. Criminal Behaviour Mental Health. 2011 21(1): 21–34

33. Pettes T, Kerr T, Voon P, Nguyen P, Wood E, Hayashi K. Depression and sexual risk behaviours among people who inject drugs: a gender-based analysis. Pain Research & Management. 2015 12(3): 224-230

34. Taussig J, Shouse, RL, LaMarre, M, Fitzpatrick, L, McElroy, P, Borkowf, CB et al. HIV transmission among male inmates in a state prison system, Georgia, 19922005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR). 2006 55(15): 421 - 426

35. AIDS Education & Research Trust. Prisoners and HIV/ AIDS. C 2014 [cited 2015 June 9]. Available from http://www.avert.org/prisoners-hivaids.htm

36. Navadeh S, Mirzazadeh A, Gouya MM, Farnia M, Alsvand R, Hagdoost AA. HIV prevalence and related risk behaviours among prisoners in Iran: results of the nation biobehavioural survey, 2009. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2013 89(3): 33-36

37. Dolan K, Larney S. HIV in Indian prisons: risk behavior, prevalence, prevention & treatment. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2010 132: 696-700

38. Krissanakriangkrai O, Mikanmak, S, Pinkrue, T, Kitreerwutiwong, N, Chayodom,V. Unsafe sex and drug use in juvenile detainees in the northern Thailand. Journal of Health research. 2008 22(2): 69-74

39. Omotoso O. Adolescents transition: the challenges and the way out (African perspective). C2007 [cited 2015 June 19]. Available from http://uaps2007.princeton.edu/ papers/70720

Most read articles by the same author(s)