Safety profile of oral medicine for erectile dysfunction on visual effect

Authors

  • Somboon Leungwattanakij Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Keywords:

Safety profile, oral medicine, erectile dysfunction, visual effect

Abstract

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References

Gresser U, Gleiter CH. Erectile dysfunction: comparison of efficacy and side effects of the PDE-5 inhibitors sildenafil, vardenafil and tadalafil--review of the literature. Eur J Med Res 2002; 29: 435-46.

Gruhn N, Fledelius HC.Unilateral optic neuropathy associated with sildenafil intake [letter]. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2004; 89: 131-2.

Cunningham AV, Smith KH. Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Associated with Viagra. J Neuro-Ophthalmol 2001; 21: 22-5.

Pomeranz HD, Bhavsar AR. Nonarteritic Ischemic Optic Neuropathy developing soon after use of sildenafil (Viagra): A report of seven new cases. J Neuro-Ophthalmol 2005; 25: 9-13.

Egan R, Lorenzo N. Neuro-ophthalmic manifestrations of vascular eye diseases. E-medicine Last updated: number 12, 2003.

Jackson G, Benjamin N, Jackson N, Allen MJ. Effects of sildenafil citrate on human hemodynamics. Am J Cardiol 1999; 83 (suppl 5A): 13C-20C.

Thai Erectile Dysfunction Epidemiologic Study Group (TEDES). An epidemiological study of erectile dysfunction in Thailand (Part 1: Prevalence). J Med Assoc Thai 2000; 83: 872-9.

Grunwald JE, Iannaccone A, DuPont J. Effect of isosorbide mononitrate on the human optic nerve and choroidal circulations. Br J Ophthalmol 1999; 83: 162-7.

Grunwald JE, DuPont J, Dreyer EB. Effect of chronic nitrate treatment on retinal vessel caliber in open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol 1997; 123: 753-8.

Grunwald JE, Siu KK, Jacob SS, DuPont J. Effect of Sildenafil Citrate (Viagra) on the Ocular Circulation. Am J Ophthalmol 2001; 131: 751-5.

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Published

2005-06-01

How to Cite

Leungwattanakij, S. (2005). Safety profile of oral medicine for erectile dysfunction on visual effect. Insight Urology, 26(S), 39–43. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJU/article/view/253865

Issue

Section

Review article