Main Article Content

Chanawat Sanpasitt


Enhancing muscle performance for young athletes by resistance training is an important process to long-term athlete development. It is aims to improve muscle strength which is a key component of biomotor ability. Resistance training can be performed via using various types of equipment such as body weights, weight machines, or free weights. However, it is a critical time of rapid physical and emotional changes with a distinguished development of human structures and systems during puberty and adolescence. Therefore, proper physical and mental preparation are major factors that young athletes should be considered. An appropriate program designed and supervised resistance training programs is relatively safe for youth. Numerous instructions for youth resistance training programs should include the correct lifting technique, training volume, safety training, spotting techniques, and how to use different types of equipment regarding to growth development.

Resistance training can improve muscle strength, increase bone mineral density, and reduce the risk of fractures and injuries during training and competition. Coach should understand clearly in the training process according to the long-term athlete development that related to maturity and growth. The potential and adequate resistance training for youth approach to a higher-level athlete with good performance and effective movement.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sanpasitt ช. (2022). RESISTANCE TRAINING FOR YOUTH ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT. Academic Journal of Thailand National Sports University, 14(2), 309–322. Retrieved from
Academic Article


Balyi, I. Way, R., & Higgs, C. (2013). Long - Term Athlete Development. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Behm, D. G., Faigenbaum, A. D., Falk, B., & Klentrou, P. (2008). Canadian society for exercise physiology position paper: resistance training in children and adolescents. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition et Metabolisme, 33(3), 547 – 561.

Bompa, T. & Buzzichelli, C. (2015). Periodization Training for Sports (3rd ed.). Champaign IL: Human Kinetics.

Bompa, T. & Carrera, M. (2015).Conditioning Young Athletes. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics.

Bompa, T. & Haff, G. (2009). Periodization: Theory and Methodology of Training (5th ed.). Human Kinetics.

Dahab, K. S., & McCambridge, T. M. (2009). Strength training in children and adolescents: Raising the bar for young athletes?. Sports Health, 1(3), 223 – 226.

Faigenbaum, A. (2000). Strength training for children and adolescents. Clinics in Sports Medicine. 19(4), 593 - 619.

Faigenbaum, A. D., Kraemer, W. J., Blimkie, C. J., Jeffreys, I., Micheli, L. J., Nitka, M., & Rowland, T. W. (2009). Youth resistance training: Updated position statement paper from the national strength and conditioning association. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(5), S60 – S79.

Faigenbaum, A. D., & Myer, G. D. (2010). Resistance training among young athletes: safety, efficacy and injury prevention effects. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 44(1), 56 – 63.

Faigenbaum, A, McFarland, J, Keiper, F, Tevlin, W, Kang, J, Ratamess, N, & Hoffman, J. (2007). Effects of a short term plyometric and resistance training program on fitness performance in boys age 12 to 15 years. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6, 519 – 525.

Jacobson, B. H. & Kulling, F. A. (1989). Effect of resistive weight training in prepubescents. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 11(3), 96 - 99.

Hass, C.J., Feigenbaum, M.S., & Franklin, B.A. (2001). Prescription of resistance training for healthy populations. Sports Medicine, 31, 953 – 964.

Haff, G. (2000). Roundtable Discussion: Machines versus free weights. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 22, 18 - 30.

Kotzamanidis, C. (2006). Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20, 441 – 445.

Kraemer, W, Fry, A, Frykman, P, Conroy, B, & Hoffman, J. (1989). Resistance training and youth. Pediatric Exercise Science, 1, 336 – 350.

Legerlotz, K., Marzilger, R., Bohm, S., & Arampatzis, A. (2016). Physiological adaptations following resistance training in youth athletes-a narrative review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(4), 501 – 520.

Malina, R.M. (2006). Weight training in youth – growth, maturation, and safety: An evidence-based review. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 16, 478 – 487.

Mersmann F., Bohm S., Schroll A., Boeth H., Duda G. N., & Arampatzis A. (2017). Muscle and tendon adaptation in adolescent athletes: A longitudinal study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27, 75 – 82.

Micheli L. (1988). Strength Training in the Young Athlete. Competitive Sports for Children and Youth: An Overview of Research and Issues. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Micheli, L. (2006). Preventing injuries in sports: What the team physician needs to know. In: F.I.M.S. Team Physician Manual (2nd ed.). Chan, K, Micheli, L, Smith, A, Rolf, C, Bachl, N, Frontera, W, and Alenabi, T, eds. Hong Kong: CD Concept. 555 – 572.

Negra, Y., Chaabene, H., Hammami, M., Hachana, Y., & Granacher, U. (2016). Effects of high - velocity resistance training on athletic performance in prepuberal male soccer athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(12), 3290 – 3297.

Nichols, D. L., Sanborn, C. F., & Love, A. M. (2001). Resistance training and bone mineral density in adolescent females. The Journal of Pediatrics, 139(4), 494 – 500.

Ozmun, J, Mikesky, A, & Surburg, P. (1994). Neuromuscular adaptations following prepubescent strength training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 26, 510 – 514.

Ramsay J. A., Blimkie C. J., Smith K., Garner S., MacDougall J. D., & Sale D. G. (1990). Strength training effects in prepubescent boys. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 22, 605 – 614.

Rowland, T. (2005). Children’s Exercise Physiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Sale, D. (1989). Strength training in children. In: Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine. edn. Edited by Gisolfi C, Lamp D. Carmel, IN: Benchmark Press.

Schiffer, J. (2008). Children and youths athletics. New Studies in Athletics, 23(3), 7 - 18.

Söhnlein, Q., Müller, E., & Stöggl, T. L. (2014). The effect of 16-week plyometric training on explosive actions in early to mid-puberty elite soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(8), 2105 – 2114.

Sander, A., Keiner, M., Wirth, K., & Schmidtbleicher, D. (2013). Influence of a 2- year strength training programme on power performance in elite youth soccer players. European Journal of Sport Science, 13, 445 – 451.

Thompson J. Peter. (2000). Introduction to Coaching. IAAF.

Tsolakis, C, Vagenas, G, & Dessypris, A. (2004). Strength adaptations and hormonal responses to resistance training and detraining in preadolescent males. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18, 625 – 629.