Effects of a Self-Efficacy Promoting Program on Village Health Volunteers’ Knowledge and Perceived Self-Efficacy for Dementia Screening in Older Persons: A Case Study at Sakon Nakhon Province
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OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of self-efficacy promoting program on village health volunteers’ (VHVs) knowledge and perceived self-efficacy for dementia screening in older adults.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, two group pre-test and post-test design were used to study sixty VHVs who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. These were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group (n = 30) receiving the self-efficacy promoting program for a 4-week period and a control group (n = 30) receiving the routine program. Data were collected using a demographics questionnaire, a dementia knowledge questionnaire, and a perceived self-efficacy for dementia screening in older adults’ questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, paired t-test, independent t-test, Wilcoxon signed ranks test and Mann Whitney U test.
RESULTS: After participating in the self-efficacy promoting program the experimental group had significantly higher mean scores of dementia knowledge and perceived self-efficacy for dementia screening in older adults than before receiving the program when compared to the control group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively).
CONCLUSION: The self-efficacy promoting program is useful for developing the competency of VHVs in similar communities in order to assist nurses in monitoring and caring for dementia in older adults.
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