Risk Factors Associated With Preeclamsia In Pregnant Women In Nongkhai Hospital.
Keywords:Preeclampsia, Risk Factor, Pregnancy Woman
Objective: To determine the risk factors of preeclampsia in pregnant women giving birth at Nongkhai hospital.
Methods: This was a retrospective case control study. Data were obtained from medical records of 393 pregnant women who delivered at Nongkhai hospital from 1st October 2018 to 30th September 2020. They were divided into two groups, 131 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 262 in the control group.
Results: The risk factor for preeclampsia is having a history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (ORs 40.0; 95%CI 4.2-383.9), nulliparity (ORs 6.6; 95% CI 3.4-12.6), history of abortion (ORs 10.6; 95%CI 4.5-25.0), BMI≥25 kg/m2 (ORs 2.3; 95% CI 1.3-4.4), maternal age≥ 35 years (ORs 9.7; 95%
CI 3.6-25.7), hemoglobin at first ANC≥ 13.2 g/dL (ORs 4.5; 95% CI 1.8-10.9), GDM (ORs 21.1; 95% CI 2.1-208.9).
Conclusions: The risk factors for preeclampsia were history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy, nulliparity, history of abortion, BMI≥25 kg/m2, maternal age≥ 35 years, hemoglobin at first ANC≥ 13.2 g/dL and gestational diabetes these risk factors can be applied to screening pregnant women at risk of preeclampsia. To plan treatment and follow up on appropriate treatment.
Keywords: Preeclampsia, Risk Factor, Pregnancy Woman
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