Main Article Content
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of a breast milk establishing program on breast milk volume and time of sufficient milk supply among cesarean section mothers of premature infants.
Design: Quasi-experimental design.
Methods: Twenty-eight participants were recruited by convenience sampling, with 15 participants in the control group and 13 participants in the experimental group. The experimental group received the lactation stimulation program consisting of giving information related to the infants, providing knowledge regarding the mechanism of milk synthesis, hot compress, breast massaging and breast milk expressing. Breast milk volume on Day 4 and Day 10 and the time to have sufficient milk were compared between groups using a t-test.
Main findings: There were no statistical different in breast milk volume of the mothers in the experiment and the control groups at Day 4 (70.39 ± 57.29 VS 79.52 ± 84.10, p = .36) and Day 10 (360.76 ± 191.00 VS 266.06 ± 191.15, p = .101). The time to have sufficient milk was also not different between the study groups (5.6 ± 1.6 VS 5.3 ± 1.8, p = .296).
Conclusion and recommendations: Although the results did not reveal a significant difference between groups, benefits of the establishing the breast milk program could help mothers with premature cesarean section to produce and maintain breast milk for their infants. Nurses should adjust this program and monitor the mothers for the regularity and continuity of their breast milk expression.
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