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Purpose: The purpose of this experimental study was to compare the results of two training methods of Basic Life Support (video with nurse instruction and nurse instruction only) on knowledge and performance of caregivers of pediatric patients at risk for cardiopulmonary arrest.
Design: Experimental research.
Methods: The 98 participants were primary caregivers of pediatric patients at risk for cardiopulmonary arrest who were admitted at Siriraj hospital. Data were collected by a demographic information interview form, knowledge of basic life support questionnaire, and checklist form for assessing performance in pediatric basic life support. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, Mann – Whitney U test, Chi - square and, Fisher’s exact test.
Main findings: The differences of knowledge and performance of basic life support between the group taught by using video with nurse instruction and the other one using nurse instruction spent less time to educate and teach the caregivers, compared to thos in their counterpart group (Z = -7.43, p < .05).
Conclusion and recommendations: Either using video with nurse instruction or nurse instruction only as a teaching method yields similar effectiveness on caregivers’ knowledge and practice skills of basic life support. Thus, the use of video with nurse instruction should be encouraged in nursing practice as it consumes less time from nurses. Moreover, the video should be given to caregivers for review at home so that their skills would be sustainable.
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