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In current times, there are an increased number of pathological brain tumor cases that require to be operated every year of which the most common disease is a brain tumor. In Siriraj hospital, brain tumor ranks number one compared to other five diseases of neurosurgery unit. Current treatment of brain tumor usually involves removal of tumor through various methods, such as craniotomy, awake craniotomy, endoscopic surgeries. Brain surgery is a complicated surgery, especially that involves removal of a deeper structures or dangerous areas, therefore it is necessary to correctly determine the location of the pathology in the brain without causing injury or destruction of other normal brain structures to reduce post-operative complications. Thus, stereotactic system is used to accurately guide the surgeon of the location and direction during surgery for safe removal of as much abnormal tissue as possible while leaving normal and healthy brain relatively intact, resulting in efficiency of the surgery.
Therefore, it is imperative that perioperative nurses have understanding and knowledge of surgical procedure and care management of this group of patients for patient safety and successful operation. Based on the authors’ experience in this field and the related literature review, this paper was written with the purpose to present the information of frame-based and frameless stereotactic brain biopsy and perioperative nursing care which would benefit to nurses who care for this group of patients.
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