Factors Influencing Weight Gain in Patients with Post-renal Transplantation

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Piyanuch Kaewsang
Wimolrat Puwarawuttipanit
Kanaungnit Pongthavornkamol
Natavudh Townamchai


           Purpose: To determine the influences of age, time post-renal transplantation, eating behavior and physical activity on weight gain in patients with post-renal transplantation.

          Design: Correlational predictive design.

          Methods: The sample was 126 patients who received first-time renal transplantation at 18 years of age and were continuously followed-up post-renal transplantation at tertiary hospital in Bangkok. The sample was selected according to the eligible criteria. Data collection was performed using a demographic data questionnaire, a food consumption behaviour questionnaire, a physical activity questionnaire and a Thai cognitive test form for screening subjects aged over 60 years. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis

    Main findings: The study factors including age, time post-renal transplantation, eating behavior and physical activity could together explain 16% of the variance of weight gain among post-renal transplantation patients (R2 = .16). The factors influencing weight gain post-renal transplantation with statistical significance were age (β = - .20, t = -2.33, p = .021) and time post-renal transplantation (β = .38, t = 4.47, p < .001).

                    Conclusion and recommendations: Health care professionals should pay attention to the assessment of body weight in patients post-renal transplantation for at least 3 months and under 45 years of age and provide information to the patients about the adverse effects of weight gain to help them adjust appropriately to prevent weight gain and abnormal body mass index post-renal transplantation.

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Kaewsang, P., Puwarawuttipanit, W. ., Pongthavornkamol, K. ., & Townamchai, N. . (2021). Factors Influencing Weight Gain in Patients with Post-renal Transplantation. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 39(4), 13–26. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ns/article/view/247442
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