The Effects of Self-efficacy Promoting Program on Knowledge, Perceived Self-efficacy, Efficiency of Breastfeeding, and Exclusive Breastfeeding Rate in First-time Adolescent Mothers

Main Article Content

Suphaphan Chansiri
Charoenchai Wongwatkit
Anuta Noonkanka


          Purpose: To study the effects of self-efficacy promoting program on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, efficiency of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rate in first-time adolescent mothers

          Design: Quasi-experimental research.

          Methods: The sample consisted of first-time adolescent mothers with normal delivery without conditions of neither the mothers nor the infants had breastfeeding barriers. The convenience sample was divided into two groups, with 26 subjects each. The experimental group received breastfeeding knowledge through demonstrations and returns demonstrations for breastfeeding. Data was collected by using the breastfeeding knowledge questionnaire, perceived self-efficacy questionnaire, efficiency of breastfeeding questionnaire, and breastfeeding questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Independent t-test, Man-Whitney U Test, and Chi-square statistics.

          Main findings: The study findings revealed that the adolescent mothers 76.9% had low learning experience with media learning. Accessing quality of animation media breastfeeding for First-Time Adolescent Mothers” was good (73.1%). The experimental group had higher knowledge in breastfeeding, perceived self-efficacy, efficacy of breastfeeding before discharge from the hospital was statistically different (p < .05). Moreover, the experimental group had higher knowledge in breastfeeding, perceived self-efficacy at 8 weeks was statistically different (p < .001). In addition, the experimental group had higher exclusive breastfeeding rate at 4, 6, 8 weeks was statistically different (p < .001).

          Conclusion and recommendations: Self-efficacy promoting program was effective to increase knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, efficiency of breastfeeding, and exclusive breastfeeding rate among first-time adolescent mothers. Therefore, nursing and related health professionals could apply this program to promote efficiency of breastfeeding in first-time adolescent mothers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chansiri, S., Wongwatkit, C. ., & Noonkanka, A. . (2021). The Effects of Self-efficacy Promoting Program on Knowledge, Perceived Self-efficacy, Efficiency of Breastfeeding, and Exclusive Breastfeeding Rate in First-time Adolescent Mothers. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 40(1), 50–68. Retrieved from
Research Papers


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