Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental research aimed to examine the effect of life-skill development program on emotional intelligence of female adolescents in homes for children. Two homes for female children under the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security were randomly selected and randomly allocated as intervention and control homes. Twenty five adolescents from the intervention home were purposively sampled according to specific characteristics. Twenty five participants in the control home were selected matched to intervention participants based on age, education and emotional intelligence level. The experimental group received the life-skill development program for a period of 4 weeks. The control group did not receive this program. The instruments used in this study consisted of 2 parts; 1) experimental instrument, which was the life-skill development program, and the life-skill development program was validated for its content validity by 3 experts and 2) the instrument for data collection covering demographic data, emotional intelligence questionnaire. The reliability of the emotional intelligence questionnaire was tested in 20 female adolescents using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient yielding a value of .92 . Demographic data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The mean score of emotional intelligence pretest and posttest in the experimental group and control group was analyzed using paired t-test. The mean score of emotional intelligence between experimental group and control group was analyzed using independent t-test.
The results revealed that the mean score of emotional intelligence posttest between the experimental and control group were significantly different (t=3.12, p< .05). In the experimental group, the mean score of emotional intelligence posttest was significantly higher than that at pretest (t=4.24, p< .05). For control group, the mean score of emotional intelligence pretest and posttest were not significantly different.
The finding from the study indicates that the life-skill development program is applicable for female adolescents in the foster home for children to improve their emotional intelligence. Therefore, the life-skill development program should be applied to the social welfare services for adolescents living in foster homes for children to improve the emotional intelligence, and improve the quality of their living in the society.
2. Udomtumnuphap M, Phewan P, Leksukhum N. The effect of life-skill for emotional quotientdevelopment through the concept of mental health department by the psychology practice program. Bangkok: Saun Dusit Univetsity;2002.Thai.
3. Tawintarapukdee K. Alternative education management by learning center in welfare home. Bangkok: Office of The National Education Commission; 2000.Thai.
4. Im-arom C. Activity of children at Rajvithi home for girl [Internet]. Bangkok; 2010 [cited 2013 Jun 5]. Available from: http://www.thaipediatrics.org/thesis/pdf/RamathibodiHospital/id76.pdf
5. Supunyo A. Social adjustment of adolescents in orphanages in Bangkok metropolitan and its suburbs under child and youth welfare division, department of public welfare [thesis]. [Bangkok]: Thammasat University; 2002.204 p. Thai.
6. Suriyentakorn W. Mental health and self-esteem of orphans in the welfare home [thesis]. [Songkhla]: Prince of Songkhla University; 2014.Thai.
7. Department of Physical Education. The effects of using recreational group dynamic games on developing emotional quotient of children in the welfare home. Bangkok: Recreation Bureau; 2012.Thai.
8. Department of Mental Health. Quality of life and stress of secondary education students in Thailand. Bangkok: Beyond Publishing; 2003.Thai.
9. Laosapjaloern S, Sangaon S, Nintajun P. A synthesis of researches related to emotional quotient development in adolescents. Rama Nurs J. 2013;19(1):31-47.Thai.
10. Kaewlar W, Pawphonsong D. The effects of development of life skill program on emotional quotient level of the first year students at Rajabhat Institute Surin [thesis]. [Bangkok]: Surindra Rajabhat University; 2001. 85 p. Thai.
11. Surahassanon S. The effects of emotional quotient development by life-skills application among first year secondary education students in opportunity expansion school, Nong-Muang district, Lopburi province [thesis]. [Khon Kaen]: Khon Kaen University; 2006. 188 p. Thai.
12. World Health Organization. Life skill education for children and adolescents in school. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1994.
13. Department of Social Development and Welfare. Self-assessment report 2014. Bangkok: Thai Agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand; 2015. Thai.
14. Austakamon B. The effects of the life skills program on life skills development for preparation before releasing adolescents in department of juvenile observation and protection, Chiang Mai province [thesis]. [Chiangmai]: Rajabhat Chiangmai University; 2006. 139 p. Thai.
15. Plongaun P. Preparation of childs and youths in the welfare agencies before living outside of interdisciplinary team [thesis]. [Bangkok]: Thammasat University; 1998. 137 p. Thai.
16. Kunkaewlar W. Effectiveness of using life skills program in smoking prevention among children at the Chiang Mai home for boys [thesis]. [Chiangmai]: Chiangmai University; 2009. 202 p. Thai.
17. Boondantok V. Development of life skills patterns for preventing alcohol and cigarette consumption among orphans in Crea International Children’s Care, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province [thesis]. [Chiangmai]: Chiangmai University; 2011. 224 p. Thai.
18. Pansombun S. The effect of life skills programfor emotional intelligence development of prathom suksa 6 students at Watjansamosorn school [thesis]. [Bangkok]: Kasetsart University; 2005. 148 p. Thai.
19. Kumakech E, Cantor-Graae E, Maling s. et al. Peer-group intervention improves the psychosocial well-being of aids orphan: Cluster randomized trial. Soc Sci Med. 2009; 68(6):1038-43. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.10.033
20. Limmonjing J. The adolescent psychology guidance. Bangkok: Ramkhamhaeng University;2011. Thai.
21. Gaytman P. Development of adolescent [Internet]. Bangkok: 2007 [cited 2013 Oct 10]. Available from: http://www.psyclin.co.th
22. Department of Mental Health. The development of Thai emotional intelligence screening test for the aged 12 to 60. Nontaburi: Ministry of Public Health; 2004. Thai.
23. Jaratapa S. The effective of life-skill promotion program for un-wanted pregnant on pregnant prevention behaviors of secondary education students, Somdet district, Kalasin province [thesis]. [Chonburi]: Burapa University; 2012. 122 p.Thai.
24. Rattanasopha M. The effect of group process of life skill development on emotional quotient of matayom suksa 3 students, Ban Kho school, Non Sang district, Nong Bua Lampoo province. Journal of Education Graduate Studies Research. 2007;1(2):132-41. Thai.
25. Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral science.2 nd ed. Hillsdale: Erlbaum; 1988.
26. Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing research. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.27. Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman; 1997.
28. Wongpiromsarn Y, Ruangkanchanasetr S. Life skill. Nontaburi: Thai Health Promotion Foundation; 2010. Thai.
29. Department of Mental Health. Manual of emotional intelligent. Bangkok: Thai Agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand;2000. Thai.
30. Voracharoensri S. A study of life-skills and a training group model construction for developing life skills of adolescent students [Dissertation]. [Bangkok]: Srinakharinwirot University, Prasarnmit; 2007. 352 p. Thai.
31. Mangrulkar L, Whitman V, Posner M. Life skill approach to child and adolescent health human development. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization; 2001.