The Effect of Life-Skill Development Program on Emotional Intelligence of Female Adolescents in Homes for Children

Main Article Content

Nakarin Suwanasaeng
Piyanuch Jittanoon
Karnsunaphat Balthip

Abstract

     This quasi-experimental research aimed to examine the effect of life-skill development program on emotional intelligence of female adolescents in homes for children. Two homes for female children under the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security were randomly selected and randomly allocated as intervention and control homes. Twenty five adolescents from the intervention home were purposively sampled according to specific characteristics. Twenty five participants in the control home were selected matched to intervention participants based on age, education and emotional intelligence level. The experimental group received the life-skill development program for a period of 4 weeks. The control group did not receive this program. The instruments used in this study consisted of 2 parts; 1) experimental instrument, which was the life-skill development program, and the life-skill development program was validated for its content validity by 3 experts and 2) the instrument for data collection covering demographic data, emotional intelligence questionnaire. The reliability of the emotional intelligence questionnaire was tested in 20 female adolescents using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient yielding a value of .92 . Demographic data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The mean score of emotional intelligence pretest and posttest in the experimental group and control group was analyzed using paired t-test. The mean score of emotional intelligence between experimental group and control group was analyzed using independent t-test.
     The results revealed that the mean score of emotional intelligence posttest between the experimental and control group were significantly different (t=3.12, p< .05). In the experimental group, the mean score of emotional intelligence posttest was significantly higher than that at pretest (t=4.24, p< .05). For control group, the mean score of emotional intelligence pretest and posttest were not significantly different.
     The finding from the study indicates that the life-skill development program is applicable for female adolescents in the foster home for children to improve their emotional intelligence. Therefore, the life-skill development program should be applied to the social welfare services for adolescents living in foster homes for children to improve the emotional intelligence, and improve the quality of their living in the society.

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Suwanasaeng, N., Jittanoon, P., & Balthip, K. (2018). The Effect of Life-Skill Development Program on Emotional Intelligence of Female Adolescents in Homes for Children. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 38(1), 22–34. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/117378
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Original Articles

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