Caring as Nursing: Aesthetic Expressions of Nursing Students Caring as Nursing: Aesthetic Expressions

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Waraporn Kongsuwan
Angsuma Aphichato
Khomapak Maneewat


      Teaching and learning management in bachelor degree level nursing focuses on producing graduates who have a balance between science and art or aesthetic understanding of persons in order to maintain the beauty of nursing profession. This study purposed to describe the understanding of caring among nursing students through aesthetic expressions. A qualitative research method with hermeneutics based on Gardamer’sphilosophy was used. Participants comprised forty-one second year bachelor degree nursing students at Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand. These students were studying Practicum of Basic Nursing Care. Data were collected between March and May, 2017 by drawing pictures with short
descriptions and interviewing to reflect on the meanings of caring. These data were analyzed by using content analysis method. This study presented findings of a major thematic category; Caring as Nursing, which consisted of three themes: 1) caring through knowledge, 2) caring through compassionate heart, and 3) caring under professional role. The findings of this study can provide guidance to nursing lecturers in developing teaching and learning strategies for undergraduate nursing students in order to create an environment that
promotes caring; including fostering and maintaining good caring behaviors in nursing students.


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How to Cite
Kongsuwan, W., Aphichato, A., & Maneewat, K. (2018). Caring as Nursing: Aesthetic Expressions of Nursing Students: Caring as Nursing: Aesthetic Expressions. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 38(2), 1–10. Retrieved from
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Waraporn Kongsuwan

Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Angsuma Aphichato

Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Khomapak Maneewat

Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.


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