Factors Related to Activity of Daily Living Among Community Dwelling Older Adults with Low Muscle Strength

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Wilaipun Somboontanont
Supavadee Thiengtham


This descriptive research study was aimed to explore the relationship between dependency and other
related factors of low muscle strength community dwelling elders. The sample composed of seventy six
community dwelling older adults with low muscle strength. Data were collected using questionnaire including
Barthel Activity of Daily Living Index, Instrumental Activity of Daily Living Index, Thai Geriatric Depression
Scale, Family relationship questionnaire, and Social Support questionnaire. The data were analyzed using
descriptive statistic and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient.
The results revealed that the mean age of elders was 71.37 years old (SD = 6.32). The sample
had low muscle strength with mean basic and instrumental ADL score of 19.55 and 11.68 (SD = 0.81,
0.91). Depression was negatively associated with basic activity of daily living (r= -0.221, p<0.05). Family
relationship was associated with basic and instrumental activity of daily living (r= 0.197, p<0.05; r= 0.261,
p<0.01). However, social support was not associated with both basic and instrumental activity of daily living
(r= 0.161; r= 0.077, p>0.05).
Interventions to maximize muscle strength and prevent muscle mass loss in the community dwelling
elders with low muscle strength and lower score on complex activity of daily living are needed in order to
prevent sarcopenia afterward. Furthermore, family relationship promotion and prevention of depression are
needed in order to promote independent living among community dwelling elders in the future.


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How to Cite
Somboontanont, W., & Thiengtham, S. (2018). Factors Related to Activity of Daily Living Among Community Dwelling Older Adults with Low Muscle Strength. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing, 38(2), 110–123. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/132029
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