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The aim in this grounded theory inquiry was to describe the process of enhancing purpose in life of Thai teenagers living with HIV. Data collection using in-depth interviews, participant observation methods, and field notes were undertaken seven month. Data were gathered from 24 teenagers living with HIV/AIDS in South of Thailand. Purposive sampling method was used to select participants. The process of data analysis was guided by Strauss and Corbin’s grounded theory.
The core category of enhancing purpose in life of Thai teenagers living with HIV is called “having purpose in life still remains”. Five purposes in life were identified by the participants: being healthy, having ability to take care of themselves and others, being able to live in normal society, living longer, and living with happiness. The core category is comprised of two categories. Category1: actions/interactions: five actions/interactions were identified in enhancing purpose in life: 1) accepting of oneself, illness, and death, 2) having commitment to take care of themselves, 3) living for the moment, 4) living life with care, and 5) doing good thing, and showing love, kindness, compassion and gratitude. Category 2: conditions: five conditions were identified in enhancing purpose in life: 1) realizing sense of self-value, 2) aiming to live longer for oneself, 3) eager to live for children, 4) willing to live for the older generation, and 5) receiving love and support.
The findings of this study enhance knowledge in enhancing purpose in the Thai context; provide a guide for health professionals with the aim of achieving more holistic care for teenagers with HIV/AIDS.