Harmony in life of University Students, Southern Thailand

Main Article Content

Piyanuch Jittanoon
Sumalee Wungthanakorn


     This descriptive study aimed to determine the level of harmony in life of university students, Southern Thailand. The sample consisted of 336 students who were studying in one university located in the south of Thailand, in academic year 2016. Subjects were recruited through multi-stage sampling. The research instrument was a self-response questionnaire consisting of 2 parts: 1) general information questionnaire and 2) harmony-in-life questionnaire which was assessed for its validity by 3 experts and was tested for its reliability among 30 students and yielded a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of .91. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test.
     Results revealed that the mean scores of harmony in life both overall and in subscales was at a high level. The mean scores of overall harmony in life 3.79 (SD = 0.40), and that for the subscales of purpose in life 3.92 (SD=0.45), self-acceptance 3.75 (SD=0.45), and life-acceptance 3.73 (SD=0.47). The mean score of subscales of purpose in life was highest. There was no significant difference in the mean scores of overall and subscales of harmony in life between male and female students. The mean score of selfacceptance subscale between students studying in Hatyai and Pattani campuses was statistically significant different (t=3.40, p< .01) but the mean scores of overall and subscales of purpose in life and life-acceptance were not significantly different.
     Findings of the study provide a baseline data for developing a harmony-in-life promoting program for university students in order to further promote and continuously maintain their harmony in life.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jittanoon, P., & Wungthanakorn, S. (2018). Harmony in life of University Students, Southern Thailand. Journal of Research in Nursing-Midwifery and Health Sciences, 38(4), 103–113. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nur-psu/article/view/163916
Research Articles


1. Garcia D, Nima, AA, Kjell ON. The affective profiles, psychological well-being, and harmony: Environmental mastery and self-acceptance predict the sense of a harmonious life. Peer J. 2014; 2: e25. doi; 10.7717/peerj.259.

2. Yurayat P, Wong-in N, Kertpituk P, Pinyoanantakul B. A study and development of psychological well-being of university students. J of Science and Technology Mahasarakham University. 2011; 30(4): 420-31. Thai.

3. Chokevivat W. Knowledge set related to spiritual dimension related to health. Bangkok: Health Systems Research Institute; 2008. Thai.

4. Vajda, P. (2007). Are you living in harmony? [internet] Retrieved December 3, 2015 from http://www.managementissues.com/2007/10/29/opinion/are-you-living-in-harmony.asp

5. Office of the Education Council. Education development framework during economic and social development plan version 10 (2007-2016) [Summary version]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn- University Printing House; 2008. Thai.

6. Bunlaead N. The adjustment of the first year undergraduate students of faculty of science at Burapha university [minor bachelor’s thesis]. [Chonburi]: Burapha University; 2011. 53 p.

7. Photong P, Phumphwng S, Khachat S. Stress adaptation and emotional intelligence of first year nursing students. J Phrapokklao Nurs College. 2011; 22(2): 49-62. Thai.

8. Treepatee S. Development and adaptation in adolescence [Internet]. Bangkok: Mahidol University; 2012 [cited 2017 Nov 5]. Available from: http://www.nicfd.cf.mahidol.ac.th/th/images/documents/3.pdf

9. Chaichompoo P. Factors affecting adjustment of Rajathani university students, Udonthani campus [master’s thesis]. [Khon Kaen]: Khon Khan University; 2006.

10. Gaytman P. Adolescent development.[Internet]. Bangkok [cited 2016 March 15]. Available from: http://www.psyclin.co.th

11. Suksawat J, Tuicomepee O. Violent experiences, coping with problems and happiness in the southern border provinces of Thailand: A preliminary mixedmethod research. J of Demography. 2010; 26(1): 22-46. Thai.

12. Udomsate O. Stress and stress management of school adolescents encountering the situation of unrest at Sabayoi district, Songkhla province [master’s minor thesis]. [Songkhla]: Prince of Songkla University; 2007. 91 p.

13. Tohkani M. Emotional problems and prosocial behavior of adolescents who encounter with unrest situation in three southern border provinces of Thailand. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand. 2011; 56 (4): 363-75. Thai.

14. Panyayong B, Jantarasana S. Mental health problems among students in the area with continuous insurgency in the deep South of Thailand. J Ment Health Thai. 2009; 17(3): 1-11. Thai.

15. Phianjaruen P. Characteristics of students and reasons for studying at Prince of Songkla University, Pattani campus. ASJ PSU. 2010; 22(1): 117-127. Thai.

16. Wangmanee K. The development of happiness in Thai adolescents by self-help program [master’s thesis]. [Bangkok]: Srinakharinwirot University; 2011. 146 p.

17. Phobon B, Siwapaet S. Factors related to spiritual well-being of adolescents studying in secondary education level at Pakmaiwittayanukul school, Sisaket province. J of Edu. 2015; 9(2): 62-71. Thai.

18. Kamolsuk N. A causal factors influencing subjective well-being of undergraduates. Paper presented at: The 7th National and International Conference, Hatyai University. Proceeding of the 7th National and International Conference; 2016 Jun 23; Hatyai University, Thailand.

19. Kongthanaitthi B, Sudhasani S, Chadcham S. A causal relationship model of the subjective well-being of undergraduate students. Res Method & Cog Science. 2011; 8(2); 30-34. Thai.

20. Hashim S. Factors affecting happiness of higher education students in Pathum Thani province. SDU RES J. 2010; 6(1); 1-9. Thai.

21. Pacharprayoon C, Leisratdechakul C, Pattanapakdee N. Self-adjustment ability of first year students in public university. The Journal of KMUTNB. 2011; 21(1): 157-65. Thai.

22. Balthip, Q. Achieving harmony of mind: A grounded theory study of people living with HIV/AIDS in the Thai context [dissertation]. Palmerston North, Massey University, New Zealand; 2010. 301 p.

23. Yamane, T. Statistics: An introductory analysis. 3rd edition. New York: Harper and Row Publication; 1973.

24. Phasuksathaporn P, Chamroonsawasdi K, Nanthamongkolchai S, et al. Factors influencing on quality of life of early adolescents in Samutprakran province. J of Pub Health. 2010; 40(1): 29-39. Thai.

25. Gray R, Tongthai W, Suwannoppakao R. Happiness is universal. Bangkok: Charan Sanitwong Printing; 2010. Thai.

26. Walailak University. Student-centered learning [Internet]. Nakornsrithamarat: Walailak University; 2017 [cited 2017 Nov 7]. Available from: http://active learning.wu.ac.th

27. Prince of Songkla University. Student services and student welfare, Prince of Songkla University [internet]. Songkhla: Prince of Songkla University; 2017. [cited 2017 Nov 1]. Available from: http://student.psu.ac.th/web/home

28. Suwannakhot N, Wattananarong A, Sripairot N. The adjustment of the first year undergraduate students at Naresuan University. J of Educational Research Faculty of Education Srinakharinwirot University. 2013; 7(2):134-41.Thai.

29. Rodcumdee P. A model for developing wellness level of university students in Bangkok Matropolis [dissertation]. [Bangkok]: Chulalongkorn University; 1995. 234 p.

30. Pipatchukiat D. Factor related to wellness level of the first year undergraduate students of Thammasat university at Rangsit campus [master’s thesis]. [Bangkok]: Srinakharinwirot University; 1998.

31. Tawong S. Development of self esteem [Internet]. Bangkok: Sripatum University; 2007 [cited 2017 Nov 10]. Available from: http://dllibrary.spu.ac.th:8080/dspace/