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This study was a predictive correlation research aimed to 1) study the health behavior of uncontrolled hypertension patients and 2) factors influencing the health behavior of uncontrolled hypertension patients. The participants comprised 341 uncontrolled hypertension patients who had received or were receiving reatment at Chokchai district, Nakhon Ratchasima. The researcher used the patient’s medical records to obtain the patient’s characteristics information. The data were then analyzed using descriptive statistics, Eta correlation, Spearman’s rank correlation, Pearson’s product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that uncontrolled hypertension patients had a moderate level of health behavior (X=3.38, SD=0.37), and knowledge concerning hypertension (96.19%), a moderate level of health belief (X=3.63, SD=0.62), received a high level of social support (X=3.90, SD=0.58), and had high level of self-efficacy (X=3.78, SD=0.58). From Spearman’s rank correlation and Pearson’s product moment correlation, it were found that age, family income, hypertension knowledge, health belief, social support and self-efficacy had a statistically significant relationship with the health behavior of uncontrolled hypertension patients (p< .05). From the results of the multiple regression analysis, age, hypertension knowledge, health belief, social support and self-efficacy together explained 28.1% of the variance in the health behavior (Adjusted R2= .281, p< .05). Significant predictor of most health behavior were social support (β= .458, t=8.061, p< .01). The results could be used for planning effective intervention to promote health behaviors that ultimately control the patient’s blood pressure.
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