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This descriptive correlational research aimed to study the relationship between functional capacity, pain, social support and post-traumatic stress disorder scores in spinal cord injury patients. The Transition theory of Meleis and colleagues was used as a conceptual framework for this study. The sample included 82 patients who had spinal cord injury for perceived of 1 month or more from 3 hospitals in Southern of Thailand. The data were collected from 5 questionnaires: 1) the personal data and illness data questionnaire, 2) the Spinal Cord Independence Measure III, 3) the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire, 4) the Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ85=II), and 5) the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefcient.
The fndings of the research showed that the sample had the average score of post-traumatic stress disorder score of 30.71 (SD=8.90) of the sample group, 90.2 percent (n=74) had post-traumatic stress disorder and 9.8 percent (n=8) had no post-traumatic stress disorder. Pearson’s product moment correlation coefcient analysis showed a signifcant negative correlation between functional capacity, social support and posttraumatic stress disorder scores (r= .40, .52, p< .01). Pain was positively correlated with post-traumatic stress disorder scores (r= .46, p< .01).
Based on the study’s fnding, the recommendations are that emphasis should be increased on functional capacity, pain management and social support. This will reduce post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with spinal cord injury which promotes complete patient transition.
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