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The purpose of this systematic research review was to synthesize maternal readiness for taking care of premature infants after discharge from hospitals in Thailand. Published articles written in Thai and English from 1997 to 2016 were searched from electronic databases, including ThaiLIS, ThaiJO and Thai Thesis database, as well as hand search for unpublished papers. The results showed that 24 papers met the inclusion criteria. The maternal readiness preparation guidelines for taking care of infants after discharge from hospital in Thailand could be categorized into 3 patterns: (1) teaching knowledge and practice, (2) enhancing self-efficacy, and (3) continuing care such as telephone follow up and home visit. In order to promote mothers to be able to take care of preterm infant, the family should participate in looking after infants. Moreover, health care service support in the community is a crucial factor to efficiently promote premature infant care during the transition period from hospital to home.
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