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This predictive research aimed to study the predictive factors of child caring behaviors regardingpreventive and control for communicable diseases among guardians at home. Purposive sampling was used to selected 107 guardians who brought their children to the child care center. The data were collected using self-completed questionnaires regarding common communicable diseases in the child care center consisted of 1) demographic data, 2) knowledge regarding common communicable diseases in the child care center, 3) health belief perception, 4) information reception, and 5) child caring behaviors of guardians regarding communicable diseases prevention at home. The questionnaires were tested for validity with 3 experts and for the reliability of questionnaire 2, yielding Kuder-Richardson 20 of .72 and questionnaires 3-5, yielding Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of .79, .91 and .81, respectively. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of each dimension of health belief perception questionnaire such as perceived severity of communicable disease, perceived benefits towards communicable disease prevention behavior, and perceived barriers towards communicable diseaseprevention behavior were .77, .84 and .80, respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statisticsand stepwise regression.
The results revealed that 29.1 percent of the variance of child caring behaviors was explained byperceived benefits dimension of health belief perception and information reception with regression coefficient equals to .386 and .313, respectively. Thus, to decrease the incidence of communicable diseases, heads of child care centers should promote the perception of the guardians regarding the benefits towards communicabledisease prevention behavior and common communicable diseases information.
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