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This cross-sectional analysis aims to investigate sodium consumption behavior and the relationship between quantity and frequency of sodium consumption and kidney functions of diabetic patients with chronic kidney conditions. The sample participants recruited through accidental sampling comprised 267 diabetic patients diagnosed with this condition for less than ten years and had stage 2 to 3 Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR). Research instruments consisted of 1) demographic data and patient health condition data and 2) a questionnaire addressing sodium consumption behavior being classified according to type, quantity and frequency (CVI 0.9, reliability .83). Data were collected from May to August 2018 and analyzed using descriptive statistics frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation and variable Chi-square test.
Results indicated that research participants had the highest sodium consumption behavior from curry, followed by deep-fried foods and then chili paste at 51.44, 13.35 and 9.01 respectively. In terms of consumption quantity, it was found that 63.76% engaged in excessive sodium consumption (M = 2,301.06, SD = 810.39) mg./day beyond the daily average standard. Those with stage 3b eGFR results had the highest sodium consumption at 85.71%, followed by the 3a and 2 groups, accounting for 67.86% and 57.95% respectively. Results revealed that the frequency and the quantity of high sodium intake had statistically significant correlate with the eGFR of diabetic patients (p < .01).
As a results, it is advisable that diabetic patients be given accurate in-depth advice concerning sodium consumption in order to effectively mitigate chronic kidney conditions by health care personnel.
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